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Article

Performance Assessment of Event-Based Ensemble Landslide Susceptibility Models in Shihmen Watershed, Taiwan

Department of Soil and Water Conservation, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Aizhong Ye
Water 2022, 14(5), 717; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050717
Received: 29 January 2022 / Revised: 20 February 2022 / Accepted: 21 February 2022 / Published: 24 February 2022
While multi-year and event-based landslide inventories are both commonly used in landslide susceptibility analysis, most areas lack multi-year landslide inventories, and the analysis results obtained from the use of event-based landslide inventories are very sensitive to the choice of event. Based on 24 event-based landslide inventories for the Shihmen watershed from 1996 to 2015, this study established five event-based single landslide susceptibility models employing logistic regression, random forest, support vector machine, kernel logistic regression, and gradient boosting decision tree methods. The ensemble methods, involving calculating the mean of the susceptibility indexes (PM), median of the susceptibility indexes (PME), weighted mean of the susceptibility indexes (PMW), and committee average of binary susceptibility values (CA) of the five single models were then used to establish four event-based ensemble landslide susceptibility models. After establishing nine landslide susceptibility models, using each inventory from the 24 event-based landslide inventories or a multi-year landslide inventory, we identified the differences in landslide susceptibility maps attributable to the different landslide inventories and modeling methods, and used the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to assess the accuracy of the models. The results indicated that an ensemble model based on a multi-year inventory can obtain excellent predictive accuracy. The predictive accuracy of multi-year landslide susceptibility models is found to be superior to that of event-based models. In addition, the higher predictive accuracy of ensemble landslide susceptibility models than that of single models implied that these ensemble methods were robust for enhancing the model’s predictive performance in the study area. When employing event-based landslide inventories in modeling, PM ensemble models offer the best predictive ability, according to the Kruskal–Wallis test results. Areas with a high mean susceptibility index and low standard deviation, identified using the 24 PM ensemble models based on different event-based landslide inventories, constitute places where landslide mitigation measures should be prioritized. View Full-Text
Keywords: landslide susceptibility analysis; event-based landslide inventory; ensemble model; Shihmen watershed landslide susceptibility analysis; event-based landslide inventory; ensemble model; Shihmen watershed
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.-Y.; Lin, S.-Y. Performance Assessment of Event-Based Ensemble Landslide Susceptibility Models in Shihmen Watershed, Taiwan. Water 2022, 14, 717. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050717

AMA Style

Wu C-Y, Lin S-Y. Performance Assessment of Event-Based Ensemble Landslide Susceptibility Models in Shihmen Watershed, Taiwan. Water. 2022; 14(5):717. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050717

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Chun-Yi, and Sheng-Yu Lin. 2022. "Performance Assessment of Event-Based Ensemble Landslide Susceptibility Models in Shihmen Watershed, Taiwan" Water 14, no. 5: 717. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050717

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