Next Article in Journal
Oxidation to Control Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Treatment Plants: Challenges at the Laboratory and Full-Scale Plants
Next Article in Special Issue
Geo-Environmental Approaches for the Analysis and Assessment of Groundwater Resources at the Catchment Scale
Previous Article in Journal
Causation Identification and Control Measures of Deformation by Integrated Dewatering-Excavation Process Simulation of a T-Shaped Deep Foundation Pit
Previous Article in Special Issue
Hydrogeochemical Processes and Natural Background Levels of Chromium in an Ultramafic Environment. The Case Study of Vermio Mountain, Western Macedonia, Greece
 
 
Article

Groundwater Vulnerability Analysis of Tirnavos Basin, Central Greece: An Application of RIVA Method

1
Mineralogy and Geology Laboratory, Sector of Geological Sciences Department of Natural Resources & Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece
2
Soil & Water Resources Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organisation “Demeter”, Gorgopotamou Street, 57400 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pankaj Kumar
Water 2022, 14(4), 534; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14040534
Received: 19 January 2022 / Revised: 8 February 2022 / Accepted: 9 February 2022 / Published: 11 February 2022
A novel index-based method (RIVA) for assessing intrinsic groundwater vulnerability was applied to Tirnavos basin (central Greece) to assess the susceptibility to surface-released contamination. Data from field surveys, previous studies, and literature were used to calculate the factors that compile the RIVA method. The aggregated results delineated the spatial distribution of groundwater vulnerability from very low to very high. The modelled results were successfully validated with ground-truth values of nitrates obtained from 43 boreholes. Overall, the modelled and the monitored values match more than 80%, indicating the successful application of the RIVA method. Few deviations were observed in areas dominantly affected by lateral crossflows and contamination from adjacent areas. RIVA proved an efficient method in terms of accuracy, data intensity, and investment to reach highly accurate results. Overall, RIVA proved to be a robust tool for reliable groundwater vulnerability assessments and could be further exploited for risk assessment and decision-making processes in the context of groundwater resource management. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquifer; groundwater; intrinsic vulnerability; RIVA method; index-overlay method; Tirnavos basin aquifer; groundwater; intrinsic vulnerability; RIVA method; index-overlay method; Tirnavos basin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vrouhakis, I.; Tziritis, E.; Stamatis, G.; Panagopoulos, A. Groundwater Vulnerability Analysis of Tirnavos Basin, Central Greece: An Application of RIVA Method. Water 2022, 14, 534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14040534

AMA Style

Vrouhakis I, Tziritis E, Stamatis G, Panagopoulos A. Groundwater Vulnerability Analysis of Tirnavos Basin, Central Greece: An Application of RIVA Method. Water. 2022; 14(4):534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14040534

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vrouhakis, Ioannis, Evangelos Tziritis, Georgios Stamatis, and Andreas Panagopoulos. 2022. "Groundwater Vulnerability Analysis of Tirnavos Basin, Central Greece: An Application of RIVA Method" Water 14, no. 4: 534. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14040534

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop