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Article

Quantitative Analysis of Droplet Size Distribution in Plant Protection Spray Based on Machine Learning Method

1
College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Synergistic Innovation Center of Jiangsu Modern Agricultural Equipment and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
3
Digital Village Laboratory, Huzhou Institute of Zhejiang University, Huzhou 313099, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pilar Montesinos
Water 2022, 14(2), 175; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020175
Received: 29 October 2021 / Revised: 29 December 2021 / Accepted: 7 January 2022 / Published: 9 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Water, Agriculture and Aquaculture)
Spray droplet size is the main factor affecting the deposition uniformity on a target crop. Studying the influence of multiple factors on the droplet size distribution as well as the evaluation method is of great significance for improving the utilization of pesticides. In this paper, volume median diameter (VMD) and relative span (RS) were selected to evaluate the droplet size distribution under different hollow cone nozzles, flow rates and spatial positions, and the quantitative models of VMD and RS were established based on machine learning methods. The results showed that support vector regression (SVR) had excellent results for VMD (Rc = 0.9974, Rp = 0.9929), while multi-layer perceptron (MLP) had the best effect for RS (Rc = 0.9504, Rp = 0.9537). The correlation coefficient of the prediction set is higher than 0.95, showing the excellent ability of machine learning on predicting the droplet size distribution. In addition, the visualization images of the droplet size distribution were obtained based on the optimal models, which provided intuitive guidance for realizing the uniform distribution of pesticide deposition. In conclusion, this study provides a novel and feasible method for quantitative evaluation of droplet size distribution and offers a theoretical basis for further determining appropriate operation parameters according to the optimal droplet size. View Full-Text
Keywords: droplet size distribution; machine learning; plant protection spray; quantitative model droplet size distribution; machine learning; plant protection spray; quantitative model
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, Y.; Wu, J.; Fu, H.; Sun, Z.; Fang, H.; Wang, W. Quantitative Analysis of Droplet Size Distribution in Plant Protection Spray Based on Machine Learning Method. Water 2022, 14, 175. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020175

AMA Style

He Y, Wu J, Fu H, Sun Z, Fang H, Wang W. Quantitative Analysis of Droplet Size Distribution in Plant Protection Spray Based on Machine Learning Method. Water. 2022; 14(2):175. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020175

Chicago/Turabian Style

He, Yong, Jianjian Wu, Haoluan Fu, Zeyu Sun, Hui Fang, and Wei Wang. 2022. "Quantitative Analysis of Droplet Size Distribution in Plant Protection Spray Based on Machine Learning Method" Water 14, no. 2: 175. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020175

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