Next Article in Journal
Long-Term (1990–2013) Changes and Spatial Variations of Cropland Runoff across China
Previous Article in Journal
Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 Electrochemical-Based Solution for Treating Groundwater Polluted by Fuel Station
 
 
Article

Climate Change Mitigation Tool Implemented through an Integrated and Resilient System to Measure and Monitor Operating Variables, Applied to Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems (NTSW) in Livestock Farms

1
Institute for Environmental Studies and Natural Resources (i-UNAT), University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC), 35214 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
2
Department of Process Engineering, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC), 35214 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez
Water 2022, 14(18), 2917; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182917
Received: 18 August 2022 / Revised: 2 September 2022 / Accepted: 14 September 2022 / Published: 17 September 2022
In this study, the main elements that can make up a Natural Treatment System for Wastewater (NTSW), its most important parameters and properties of operation and design, have been analyzed, as well as the environmental problems derived from the generation of large amounts of slurry. The objective of this paper is to propose a methodology to improve the operation of these systems, associated with small and medium-sized livestock farms, in insular and isolated systems such as the Canary Islands. An Integrated and Resilient System (IRS) for monitoring and measuring operational variables quasi-continuous and in situ is proposed. Low-cost technology and open source hardware are employed, as well as application of the IoT (Internet of Things) strategies to share and analyze the information collected in the cloud. In view of the high degree of resilience and the simplicity of this type of technology, as well as its low cost, it is concluded that it is feasible to create a measurement system with these characteristics that can be used for NTSW parameterization, and other purposes. Satisfactory results were obtained for several parameters (ambient temperature, relative humidity, UV radiation, atmospheric pressure). It is presented as a novel proposal based mainly on low-cost technology and free software with which to improve the NTSW operation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater; IoT; Arduino; natural treatment; monitoring wastewater; IoT; Arduino; natural treatment; monitoring
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Pérez, M.L.; Mendieta-Pino, C.A.; Brito-Espino, S.; Ramos-Martín, A. Climate Change Mitigation Tool Implemented through an Integrated and Resilient System to Measure and Monitor Operating Variables, Applied to Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems (NTSW) in Livestock Farms. Water 2022, 14, 2917. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182917

AMA Style

Rodríguez-Pérez ML, Mendieta-Pino CA, Brito-Espino S, Ramos-Martín A. Climate Change Mitigation Tool Implemented through an Integrated and Resilient System to Measure and Monitor Operating Variables, Applied to Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems (NTSW) in Livestock Farms. Water. 2022; 14(18):2917. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182917

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez-Pérez, Melania L., Carlos A. Mendieta-Pino, Saulo Brito-Espino, and Alejandro Ramos-Martín. 2022. "Climate Change Mitigation Tool Implemented through an Integrated and Resilient System to Measure and Monitor Operating Variables, Applied to Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems (NTSW) in Livestock Farms" Water 14, no. 18: 2917. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182917

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop