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Article

Hydraulic Transient Simulation of Pipeline-Open Channel Coupling Systems and Its Applications in Hydropower Stations

by 1,2, 3,* and 1
1
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
School of Civil, Environmental & Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
3
Power China Kunming Engineering Corporation Limited, Kunming 650051, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Helena M. Ramos and Kamil Urbanowicz
Water 2022, 14(18), 2897; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182897
Received: 11 August 2022 / Revised: 5 September 2022 / Accepted: 7 September 2022 / Published: 16 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue About an Important Phenomenon—Water Hammer)
Hydraulic systems may involve both pipelines and open channels, which challenges the hydraulic transient analysis. In this paper, a method of characteristics (MOC)-finite volume method (FVM) coupling method has been developed with the pipeline modelled using the MOC and the open channel modelled using the FVM. The coupling boundaries between these two simulation regions are developed based on Riemann invariants. The simulated parameters can be transmitted from the MOC region to the FVM region and in the reverse direction through the coupling boundaries. Validation of the method is conducted on a simple tank-pipe system by comparing the simulated result using 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. The new method is then applied to a prototype hydropower station with a sand basin located between the upstream reservoir and the turbines. The sand basin is modelled as an open channel coupled with the pipes in the system. The transient processes are also simulated by modelling the sand basin as a surge tank. The comparison with the results by the MOC-FVM coupling method shows the new coupling method can provide more reliable and accurate results. This is because the flow velocity in the horizontal direction in the sand basin is considered in the coupling method but neglected when the sand basin is modelled as a surge tank in the MOC. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydraulic transient; open channel flow; hydropower; method of characteristics; finite volume method hydraulic transient; open channel flow; hydropower; method of characteristics; finite volume method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, W.; Wang, C.; Yang, J. Hydraulic Transient Simulation of Pipeline-Open Channel Coupling Systems and Its Applications in Hydropower Stations. Water 2022, 14, 2897. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182897

AMA Style

Zeng W, Wang C, Yang J. Hydraulic Transient Simulation of Pipeline-Open Channel Coupling Systems and Its Applications in Hydropower Stations. Water. 2022; 14(18):2897. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182897

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Wei, Chao Wang, and Jiandong Yang. 2022. "Hydraulic Transient Simulation of Pipeline-Open Channel Coupling Systems and Its Applications in Hydropower Stations" Water 14, no. 18: 2897. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182897

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