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Article

Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study on Single Point Blasting of Ice Jam of Heilongjiang River Based on ANSYS/LSDYNA

by 1,2,3, 1,2,3,*, 4 and 1,2,3
1
Institute of Groundwater in Cold Region, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
2
School of Hydraulic & Electric Power, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
3
China and Russian Cold Region Hydrology and Water Conservancy Engineering Joint Laboratory, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
4
Daxing’anling Hydrology Bureau, Daxing’anling 165000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhijun Li, Tomasz Kolerski, Xiaohong Shi, Zhengyong Zhang and Li Zhou
Water 2022, 14(18), 2808; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182808
Received: 3 August 2022 / Revised: 5 September 2022 / Accepted: 5 September 2022 / Published: 9 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sea, River, Lake Ice Properties and Their Applications in Practices)
Based on the thickness of the common ice layer in the Heilongjiang Basin, explosions featuring different methods of firing, different thicknesses of the common ice layer, and different distances between the explosive and the ice are hereby simulated using ANSYS/LSDYNA software. The most suitable blasting scheme after field test verification is obtained, and it is concluded through the field blasting test comparison and verification that the central ignition produces the best blasting effect and the largest blasting volume and radius when the explosion is fired under the ice. A larger ice thickness indicates a worse explosive blasting effect, and the number of explosive packs should be used reasonably to achieve the best blasting effect. An ice blast does not finish at once, but experiences energy transfer in the form of waves. The blasting effect is the best in the case of a distance between the explosive and the ice of about L = 150 cm. The shallower the depth of the river is, the more powerful the blast becomes and the more obvious the blast volume becomes. The ice layer is blasted when the maximum temperature on the day of blasting is stable and positive, which is when the texture of the ice sheet maintains its hardness and high efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: blasting under ice; dynamic simulation; blasting volume; parameter analysis blasting under ice; dynamic simulation; blasting volume; parameter analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, D.; Dai, C.; Yu, C.; Ma, Y. Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study on Single Point Blasting of Ice Jam of Heilongjiang River Based on ANSYS/LSDYNA. Water 2022, 14, 2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182808

AMA Style

Liu D, Dai C, Yu C, Ma Y. Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study on Single Point Blasting of Ice Jam of Heilongjiang River Based on ANSYS/LSDYNA. Water. 2022; 14(18):2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182808

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Dong, Changlei Dai, Chenggang Yu, and Yaodong Ma. 2022. "Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study on Single Point Blasting of Ice Jam of Heilongjiang River Based on ANSYS/LSDYNA" Water 14, no. 18: 2808. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182808

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