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Study on Hydrochemical Characteristics and Formation Process of Antu Mineral Water in Changbai Mountain, China

by 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3,4,*, 1,2,3, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3
1
Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
2
College of New Energy and Environment, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
3
Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Environment, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
4
Organization Department of Yuyang District Committee, Yulin 719000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cesar Andrade
Water 2022, 14(18), 2770; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182770
Received: 6 August 2022 / Revised: 24 August 2022 / Accepted: 2 September 2022 / Published: 6 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Prospects of Integrated Groundwater Management)
Changbai Mountain is the source region of the Songhua, Tumen, and Yalu Rivers. It is a famous concentrated distribution area of high-quality mineral water in China, which has a great economic value. Antu County is one of the main distribution areas of basalt and mineral water in Changbai Mountain. The distribution of mineral water has a strong hydraulic relationship with surface water, which constitutes abundant recharge reserves. It is important to study the hydrochemical characteristics and the relationship between surface water and mineral water to provide a theoretical basis for further discussion on the formation process and rational utilization of mineral water resources in Changbai Mountain. A total of 18 water samples in the period of abundant and dry water were collected, including rainwater, mineral water, and surface water. Geostatistics was utilized to analyze the hydrochemical characteristics. Hydrochemical component tracing and stable environmental isotope technology with end-number calculation reveals the transformation relationship between mineral and surface water. The results indicate that: (1) The hydrochemical type is mainly HCO3-Ca-Na and HCO3-Ca-Mg type. The average content of H2SiO3 is 50.78 mg/L, which reach the standard of high quality metasilicate mineral water. (2) The mineral water formation process is dominated by the water-rock interaction in silicate mineral weathering. Metasilicate came from hydrolytic reaction of silicate and aluminosilicate under acidic conditions. (3) Atmospheric precipitation is the main recharge source, and the recharge area locates in the south nature reserve of the study area. The average retention time of mineral water is 35.5 years, and the recharge ratio of mineral water to surface water is up to 83.7%. This study will provide a theory guide for the protection and rational utilization of groundwater resources in study area and a reference for mineral spring formation study in basalt mountain area. View Full-Text
Keywords: Changbai Mountain; natural mineral water; hydrochemistry; isotopes; formation process Changbai Mountain; natural mineral water; hydrochemistry; isotopes; formation process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bian, J.; Li, Y.; Ma, Y.; Li, J.; Yu, Y.; Sun, W. Study on Hydrochemical Characteristics and Formation Process of Antu Mineral Water in Changbai Mountain, China. Water 2022, 14, 2770. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182770

AMA Style

Bian J, Li Y, Ma Y, Li J, Yu Y, Sun W. Study on Hydrochemical Characteristics and Formation Process of Antu Mineral Water in Changbai Mountain, China. Water. 2022; 14(18):2770. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182770

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bian, Jianmin, Yihan Li, Yuxi Ma, Jialin Li, Yexiang Yu, and Wenhao Sun. 2022. "Study on Hydrochemical Characteristics and Formation Process of Antu Mineral Water in Changbai Mountain, China" Water 14, no. 18: 2770. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14182770

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