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Article

Sanitary Sewerage Master Plan for the Sustainable Use of Wastewater on a University Campus

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Facultad de Ingeniería en Ciencias de la Tierra, ESPOL Polytechnic University, Guayaquil 09015863, Ecuador
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Centro de Investigaciones y Proyectos Aplicados a las Ciencias de la Tierra (CIPAT), ESPOL Polytechnic University, Guayaquil 09015863, Ecuador
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Geo-Recursos y Aplicaciones GIGA, ESPOL Polytechnic University, Guayaquil 09015863, Ecuador
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Independent Researcher, Guayaquil 09015863, Ecuador
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Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, ESPOL Polytechnic University, Guayaquil 09015863, Ecuador
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristina Sousa Coutinho Calheiros
Water 2022, 14(15), 2425; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152425
Received: 9 July 2022 / Revised: 29 July 2022 / Accepted: 1 August 2022 / Published: 5 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Management: New Paradigms for Water Treatment and Reuse)
Wastewater collection, transport, and treatment systems are essential to ensure human and environmental well-being. The Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL), has been implementing various sanitary sewerage systems; however, population growth has given rise to discussion on the installed capacity versus the necessary capacity for the future population in the sustainable management of water resources. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a sanitary sewerage master plan by analysing the existing situation and applying technical criteria for the sustainable use of wastewater on a university campus. The methodology consisted of (i) evaluation and diagnosis of the area studied through data collection and processing, (ii) design of the sanitary sewerage system considering area-expansion zones, and (iii) SWOT analysis of a proposal to enhance wastewater transport and treatment systems. The proposal contemplates designing a sanitary sewer system that will manage the collection, transport, and treatment of wastewater over 15 years for 5667 inhabitants located in three expansion zones with occupation periods of 5, 10, and 15 years. The sewerage system comprises a pipe network 1.19 km long and 200 mm in diameter, transporting 12.37 L/s of wastewater generated to two treatment systems that guarantee efficient depuration and subsequent reuse. This design was complemented by a SWOT analysis of the existing sanitation system developed by experts in the area, which included optimising existing treatment systems and reusing wastewater for irrigation of green areas as tertiary treatment within the circular economy. The methodology used in the study allows us to offer a tool for efficiently managing wastewater on a university campus, guaranteeing human well-being, and promoting the circular economy of water. View Full-Text
Keywords: treatment; sustainability; social responsibility; expansion areas; resource recovery; circular economy treatment; sustainability; social responsibility; expansion areas; resource recovery; circular economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Merchán-Sanmartín, B.; Carrión-Mero, P.; Suárez-Zamora, S.; Aguilar-Aguilar, M.; Cruz-Cabrera, O.; Hidalgo-Calva, K.; Morante-Carballo, F. Sanitary Sewerage Master Plan for the Sustainable Use of Wastewater on a University Campus. Water 2022, 14, 2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152425

AMA Style

Merchán-Sanmartín B, Carrión-Mero P, Suárez-Zamora S, Aguilar-Aguilar M, Cruz-Cabrera O, Hidalgo-Calva K, Morante-Carballo F. Sanitary Sewerage Master Plan for the Sustainable Use of Wastewater on a University Campus. Water. 2022; 14(15):2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Merchán-Sanmartín, Bethy, Paul Carrión-Mero, Sebastián Suárez-Zamora, Maribel Aguilar-Aguilar, Omar Cruz-Cabrera, Katherine Hidalgo-Calva, and Fernando Morante-Carballo. 2022. "Sanitary Sewerage Master Plan for the Sustainable Use of Wastewater on a University Campus" Water 14, no. 15: 2425. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152425

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