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Review

Advanced Technologies for Offering Situational Intelligence in Flood Warning and Response Systems: A Literature Review

1
Think Lab, School of Science, Engineering and Environment, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT, UK
2
Centre for Disaster Resilience, School of Science, Engineering and Environment, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gwo-Fong Lin
Water 2022, 14(13), 2091; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14132091
Received: 15 May 2022 / Revised: 17 June 2022 / Accepted: 24 June 2022 / Published: 29 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk Management and Resilience)
Deaths and property damage from floods have increased drastically in the past two decades due to various reasons such as increased populations, unplanned developments, and climate change. Such losses from floods can be reduced by issuing timely early warnings and through effective response mechanisms based on situational intelligence during emerging flood situations. This paper presents the outcome of a literature review that was conducted to identify the types and sources of the intelligence required for flood warning and response processes as well as the technology solutions that can be used for offering such intelligence. Twenty-seven different types of intelligence are presented together with the technologies that can be used to extract such intelligence. Furthermore, a conceptual architecture that illustrates how relevant technology solutions can be used to extract intelligence at various stages of a flood cycle for decision-making in issuing early warnings and planning responses is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood early warning and response processes; situational intelligence; conceptual architecture flood early warning and response processes; situational intelligence; conceptual architecture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Samansiri, S.; Fernando, T.; Ingirige, B. Advanced Technologies for Offering Situational Intelligence in Flood Warning and Response Systems: A Literature Review. Water 2022, 14, 2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14132091

AMA Style

Samansiri S, Fernando T, Ingirige B. Advanced Technologies for Offering Situational Intelligence in Flood Warning and Response Systems: A Literature Review. Water. 2022; 14(13):2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14132091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Samansiri, Srimal, Terrence Fernando, and Bingunath Ingirige. 2022. "Advanced Technologies for Offering Situational Intelligence in Flood Warning and Response Systems: A Literature Review" Water 14, no. 13: 2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14132091

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