The secondary effluent of the wastewater treatment plant is considered as one of the reused water sources and needs advanced treatment to meet increasingly stringent water treatment standards. Ultrafiltration, as one of the most widely used advanced treatment technologies, is limited due to membrane fouling, and coagulation and pre-oxidation have received extensive attention as pretreatment methods to alleviate membrane fouling. This research proposes a new method of Fe(II)-activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) coagulation and a pre-oxidation system coupled with ultrafiltration (UF) to treat secondary effluent from sewage plants, separately evaluating the treatment effect under different molar ratios of Fe(II)/PMS. The Fe(II)/PMS decontamination mechanism and membrane fouling control effect were elucidated through pollutant removal efficiency, membrane morphology, membrane flux trend, and membrane fouling resistance distribution. According to the experimental results, the optimal effect of organic matter removal and membrane fouling mitigation was achieved at the Fe(II)/PMS dosage of 60/60 μM/μM (molar ratio 1:1). The efficiency of pretreatment methods in removing organics and fluorescent components and mitigating membrane fouling followed the order of Fe(II)/PMS > Fe(III) > inactivated PMS. Fe(II)/PMS could produce a synergistic effect in a high concentration state (60 μM), relying on the dual effects of coagulation and oxidation to alleviate membrane fouling. Coagulation and pre-oxidation by Fe(II)/PMS significantly reduced the clogging of membrane pores and the proportion of irreversible resistance, effectively controlling membrane fouling and improving effluent quality. SEM images further confirmed its effectiveness, and EPR results unequivocally indicated that its synergistic mechanism was mediated by •OH and SO4•−
. The research results can provide ideas for advanced wastewater treatment and secondary effluent reuse.
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