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Systematic Review

Investigation and Quantification of Erosions in the Margins of Water Bodies: A Systematic Review

1
Environmental Engineering, Postgraduate Program CIAMB, Federal University of Goiás, Campus Samambaia, Goiania CEP 74045-155, GO, Brazil
2
Department of Dam Safety and Technology, Furnas Centrais Elétricas S.A., BR153, km 510, Zona Rural, Aparecida de Goiania CEP 74923-650, GO, Brazil
3
Industrial and Systems Engineering Postgraduate Program-MEPROS, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás, Praça Universitária, 2-102-Setor Leste Universitário, Goiania CEP 74605-220, GO, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2022, 14(11), 1693; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111693
Received: 8 April 2022 / Revised: 25 April 2022 / Accepted: 7 May 2022 / Published: 25 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tropical Rivers and Wetands in the Anthropocene)
Erosive processes along the margins of water bodies are driven by various phenomena. Understanding and quantifying these processes require multidisciplinary approaches spanning across geology, ecology, and engineering. Accordingly, a variety of quantification approaches and techniques have been previously applied. To this end, the objective of the present research was to conduct a systematic review of the subject literature, with an aim to identify the techniques adopted in the quantification of erosion in the margins of water bodies. This study used a systematic review strategy based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses—PRISMA. The results showed that the primary focuses of the investigations were channel dynamics and the use and coverage of riparian soils. Two of the identified research focuses remain scarcely discussed due to the logistical difficulties surrounding continuous monitoring: (1) the direct impacts of rain on the removal of soil from the margin, and (2) the influence of water content on soil surfaces. Seven field techniques for measuring erosion in the margin were identified and summarily compared in this review. There is a consensus in the literature that the application of each technique is dependent on the characteristics of the study site, as well as the available resources for analysis; however, to overcome certain limitations, different techniques have been used simultaneously for a combination of data. The use of models has stood out in relation to the use of field techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: erosion; erosive processes; quantification of erosion; reservoir margins; riverbanks; systematic reviews; water bodies erosion; erosive processes; quantification of erosion; reservoir margins; riverbanks; systematic reviews; water bodies
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Souza Dias, V.; de Faria, K.M.S.; da Luz, M.P.; Formiga, K.T.M. Investigation and Quantification of Erosions in the Margins of Water Bodies: A Systematic Review. Water 2022, 14, 1693. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111693

AMA Style

de Souza Dias V, de Faria KMS, da Luz MP, Formiga KTM. Investigation and Quantification of Erosions in the Margins of Water Bodies: A Systematic Review. Water. 2022; 14(11):1693. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111693

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Souza Dias, Viviane, Karla Maria Silva de Faria, Marta Pereira da Luz, and Klebber Teodomiro Martins Formiga. 2022. "Investigation and Quantification of Erosions in the Margins of Water Bodies: A Systematic Review" Water 14, no. 11: 1693. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111693

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