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Article

Experimental Investigations of a Solar Water Treatment System for Remote Desert Areas of Pakistan

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Mechanical and Construction Engineering Department, Northumbria University, Newctle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan 64200, Pakistan
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School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Nibong Tebal 14300, Penang, Malaysia
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Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Bosan Road, Multan 60800, Pakistan
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Water Desalination and Reuse Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955, Saudi Arabia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Caetano C. Dorea
Water 2021, 13(8), 1070; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081070
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
Pakistan is among the countries that have already crossed the water scarcity line, and the situation is worsened due to the recent pandemic. This is because the major budget of the country is shifted to primary healthcare activities from other development projects that included water treatment and transportation infrastructure. Consequently, water-borne diseases have increased drastically in the past few months. Therefore, there is a dire need to address this issue on a priority basis to ameliorate the worsening situation. One possible solution is to shift the focus/load from mega-projects that require a plethora of resources, money, and time to small domestic-scale systems for water treatment. For this purpose, domestic-scale solar stills are designed, fabricated, and tested in one of the harshest climatic condition areas of Pakistan, Rahim Yar Khan. A comprehensive overview of the regional climatology, including wind speed, solar potential, and ambient temperature is presented for the whole year. The analysis shows that the proposed system can adequately resolve the drinking water problems of deprived areas of Pakistan. The average water productivity of 1.5 L/d/m2 is achieved with a total investment of PKR 3000 (<$20). This real site testing data will serve as a guideline for similar system design in other arid areas globally. View Full-Text
Keywords: arid areas; Pakistan; passive desalination system; water scenario; solar still arid areas; Pakistan; passive desalination system; water scenario; solar still
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jamil, M.A.; Yaqoob, H.; Farooq, M.U.; Teoh, Y.H.; Xu, B.B.; Mahkamov, K.; Sultan, M.; Ng, K.C.; Shahzad, M.W. Experimental Investigations of a Solar Water Treatment System for Remote Desert Areas of Pakistan. Water 2021, 13, 1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081070

AMA Style

Jamil MA, Yaqoob H, Farooq MU, Teoh YH, Xu BB, Mahkamov K, Sultan M, Ng KC, Shahzad MW. Experimental Investigations of a Solar Water Treatment System for Remote Desert Areas of Pakistan. Water. 2021; 13(8):1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jamil, Muhammad A.; Yaqoob, Haseeb; Farooq, Muhammad U.; Teoh, Yew H.; Xu, Ben B.; Mahkamov, Khamid; Sultan, Muhammad; Ng, Kim C.; Shahzad, Muhammad W. 2021. "Experimental Investigations of a Solar Water Treatment System for Remote Desert Areas of Pakistan" Water 13, no. 8: 1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081070

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