Next Article in Journal
Experimental Investigations of a Solar Water Treatment System for Remote Desert Areas of Pakistan
Next Article in Special Issue
Rise and Fall of the Grand Canal in the Ancient Kaifeng City of China: Role of the Grand Canal and Water Supply in Urban and Regional Development
Previous Article in Journal
Thermal Desalination of Produced Water—An Analysis of the Partitioning of Constituents into Product Streams and Its Implications for Beneficial Use Outside the O&G Industry
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water Quality and Life Expectancy: Parallel Courses in Time

Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past

Hellenic Agricultural Organization “Demeter” (HAO-”Demeter”), Institute of Subtropical Plants, Olive Tree and Viticulture, 71300 Heraklion, Greece
Union of Water Supply and Sewerage Enterprises, 41222 Larissa, Greece
Architect, Honorary Director of the Archaeological Work and Studies, Department of the Ephorate of Antiquities of CHQ, 73300 Chania, Greece
Department of Agriculture, School of Agricultural Science, Hellenic Mediterranean University, 71300 Heraklion, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alistair Borthwick
Water 2021, 13(8), 1069;
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Scarcity: From Ancient to Modern Times and the Future)
The Romans were well aware of the strategic importance of Crete and tried, by any means possible, its final conquest. The island was under Roman rule over four centuries (ca 67 BC–330 AD). Under Roman rule, Crete witnessed a growth of its population and prosperity and an increase in its connectivity with other parts of the Empire. In addition, Gortys, Chersonisos, Elyros, Lyttos, Kissamos and other cities flourished under their rule. At that prosperous time, several luxurious infrastructures, such as hydraulic works, were developed. In this paper, we wish to examine the principles and the technical characteristics of major aqueducts built at that time. They constructed impressive hydro-works, such as aqueducts, by using the knowledge gained from earlier Greek civilizations in Minoan and Classical and Hellenistic times. However, they mainly increased the scale of applied technologies to support the increased population water demand. Water is a common need of humankind and several ancient civilizations developed simple but practical techniques, such as the aqueduct, especially during Roman times. We can gain from their experience and knowledge to develop a sustainable water supply, presently and in the future, both in developed and developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancient civilizations; aqueducts; Chersonisos; Elyros; Falassarna; Fountana; Gavdos; Gortys; Kissamos; Syia; Lyttos; Minoa ancient civilizations; aqueducts; Chersonisos; Elyros; Falassarna; Fountana; Gavdos; Gortys; Kissamos; Syia; Lyttos; Minoa
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Angelakis, A.N.; Christodoulakos, Y.; Tzanakakis, V.A. Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past. Water 2021, 13, 1069.

AMA Style

Angelakis AN, Christodoulakos Y, Tzanakakis VA. Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past. Water. 2021; 13(8):1069.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angelakis, Andreas N., Yannis Christodoulakos, and Vasileios A. Tzanakakis. 2021. "Roman Aqueducts in Crete, Greece: Learning from the Past" Water 13, no. 8: 1069.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop