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Article

Willingness to Pay for Improved Operations and Maintenance Services of Gravity-Fed Water Schemes in Idjwi Island (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

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Department of Management, Faculty of Engineering, University of the Basque Country EHU/UPV, Pl IT Quevedo 1, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
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Department of Management, Faculty of Engineering, University of the Basque Country EHU/UPV, Pl Europa 1, 20018 San Sebastian, Spain
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Department of Project Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of the Basque Country EHU/UPV, Pl IT Quevedo 1, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco De Paola
Water 2021, 13(8), 1050; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081050
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 11 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Developing understanding of the economic value that communities ascribe to improved operations and maintenance (O&M) services has emerged as a key factor in achieving financial sustainability for rural water systems. The present study elicits household willingness to pay (WTP) for improved O&M services in eight gravity-fed water schemes in Idjwi Island (Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC). A contingent valuation survey was implemented through an open-ended format questionnaire to 1105 heads of household and a log-linear regression model was employed to assess the factors influencing higher values. Findings show an average willingness to pay of 327 Congolese Francs (CDF) per month and 36 CDF per bucket. Results also indicate a significant WTP differential among studied schemes. The analysis of the conditioning factors reveals that the level of excludability, the participation in management meetings and the time employed in fetching water from an improved source are contingent with their WTP. The findings of this study are important for development agents trying to establish acceptable, affordable and practicable tariffs that help finance reliable rural water systems in Idjwi. View Full-Text
Keywords: willingness to pay WTP; financial sustainability; water tariffs; gravity-fed water schemes; Idjwi Island; DRC willingness to pay WTP; financial sustainability; water tariffs; gravity-fed water schemes; Idjwi Island; DRC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jimenez-Redal, R.; Arana-Landín, G.; Landeta, B.; Larumbe, J. Willingness to Pay for Improved Operations and Maintenance Services of Gravity-Fed Water Schemes in Idjwi Island (Democratic Republic of the Congo). Water 2021, 13, 1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081050

AMA Style

Jimenez-Redal R, Arana-Landín G, Landeta B, Larumbe J. Willingness to Pay for Improved Operations and Maintenance Services of Gravity-Fed Water Schemes in Idjwi Island (Democratic Republic of the Congo). Water. 2021; 13(8):1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jimenez-Redal, Ruben; Arana-Landín, Germán; Landeta, Beñat; Larumbe, Jaime. 2021. "Willingness to Pay for Improved Operations and Maintenance Services of Gravity-Fed Water Schemes in Idjwi Island (Democratic Republic of the Congo)" Water 13, no. 8: 1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081050

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