Next Article in Journal
Compressor Scheduling and Pressure Control for an Alternating Aeration Activated Sludge Process—A Simulation Study Validated on Plant Data
Previous Article in Journal
Advanced Graphical–Analytical Method of Pipe Tank Design Integrated with Sensitivity Analysis for Sustainable Stormwater Management in Urbanized Catchments
Review

Mediterranean and Black Sea Monstrilloid Copepods (Copepoda: Monstrilloida): Rediscovering the Diversity of Transient Zooplankters

1
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Chetumal 77014, Mexico
2
Center of Excellence for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, No. 2, Beining Rd., Zhongzheng Distr., Keelung 202301, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mirna Batistić
Water 2021, 13(8), 1036; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081036
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plankton Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea)
Monstrilloids are copepods that live freely in plankton without feeding but have parasitic immature stages that develop within infected benthic molluscs and polychaetes. Because of their incompletely known life cycles and the difficulty of matching conspecific males and females, it has been difficult to assess their true diversity anywhere on earth. The monstrilloid fauna of the Mediterranean and Black seas (MBS) has been investigated for over 140 years, during which time four phases of study can be recognized. The initial list of MBS monstrilloids recorded during the first phase (1877–1893) grew only slowly for decades afterwards during the second phase (1895–1952) because of patchy sampling and a dearth of formal taxonomic descriptions. The third phase (1957–1986) featured little new work at all. During the most recent fourth phase since 1992, a reappraisal with heed to nomenclatural rules and upgraded descriptive standards has led to the realization that many nominal species of MBS monstrilloids are invalid or doubtful. Furthermore, some that have been frequently recorded, such as Monstrilla grandis, Cymbasoma longispinosum, and C. rigidum, may actually be undescribed representatives of widespread species groups. We provide an updated annotated checklist of MBS monstrilloids that includes 21 supposedly valid nominal species or species-groups. This rather high regional diversity will likely grow if future zooplankton surveys in the highly heterogeneous and extensive coastal systems of the MBS pay due attention to this intriguing group of copepods. View Full-Text
Keywords: zooplankton; monstrilloids; copepods; diversity; distribution zooplankton; monstrilloids; copepods; diversity; distribution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Suárez-Morales, E.; Grygier, M.J. Mediterranean and Black Sea Monstrilloid Copepods (Copepoda: Monstrilloida): Rediscovering the Diversity of Transient Zooplankters. Water 2021, 13, 1036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081036

AMA Style

Suárez-Morales E, Grygier MJ. Mediterranean and Black Sea Monstrilloid Copepods (Copepoda: Monstrilloida): Rediscovering the Diversity of Transient Zooplankters. Water. 2021; 13(8):1036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suárez-Morales, Eduardo; Grygier, Mark J. 2021. "Mediterranean and Black Sea Monstrilloid Copepods (Copepoda: Monstrilloida): Rediscovering the Diversity of Transient Zooplankters" Water 13, no. 8: 1036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081036

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop