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Review

Environmental Hydraulics in the New Millennium: Historical Evolution and Recent Research Trends

1
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli, Italy
3
Tang Scholar, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Mossa
Water 2021, 13(8), 1021; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081021
Received: 7 February 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Hydraulics)
Environmental Hydraulics (EH) is the scientific study of environmental water flows and their related transport and transformation processes in natural water systems. This review provides some remarks about the historical development of EH throughout three different paradigms or ages, namely, the Public Health Age, the Water Quality Age, and finally the Integrated Environmental Hydraulics Age. We further evaluate how EH research has changed in the last 20 years through a bibliometric analysis of the proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics (ISEH) and Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFMC) journal articles conducted using Citespace and Leximancer. Authors and affiliations are analyzed to identify patterns of collaboration, followed by an analysis of the temporal evolution of the EFMC impact index as well as its highly-cited articles. Finally, the major EH topics are identified with a comparison between the topics extracted from the two different sources. As the EH field is becoming rapidly global, some topics were confirmed to have attracted more interest in EH such as Flow Condition, Numerical Modelling, Experimental Measurements. It is hoped that our findings could provide a reference for students, academics, and policy-makers related to EH. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environmental Hydraulics (EH); historical development; bibliometric analysis; research topics; Citespace; Leximancer Environmental Hydraulics (EH); historical development; bibliometric analysis; research topics; Citespace; Leximancer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, X.; Gualtieri, C.; Liu, H.; Shao, D. Environmental Hydraulics in the New Millennium: Historical Evolution and Recent Research Trends. Water 2021, 13, 1021. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081021

AMA Style

Zeng X, Gualtieri C, Liu H, Shao D. Environmental Hydraulics in the New Millennium: Historical Evolution and Recent Research Trends. Water. 2021; 13(8):1021. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Xianglai; Gualtieri, Carlo; Liu, Haifei; Shao, Dongdong. 2021. "Environmental Hydraulics in the New Millennium: Historical Evolution and Recent Research Trends" Water 13, no. 8: 1021. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081021

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