Overtopping failure often occurs in landslide dams, resulting in the formation of strong destructive floods. As an important hydraulic parameter to describe floods, the peak discharge often determines the downstream disaster degree. Based on 67 groups of landslide dam overtopping failure cases all over the world, this paper constructs the calculation model for peak discharge of landslide dam failure. The model considers the influence of dam erodibility, breach shape, dam shape and reservoir capacity on the peak discharge. Finally, the model is compared with the existing models. The results show that the new model has a higher accuracy than the existing models and the simulation accuracy of the two outburst peak discharges of Baige dammed lake in Jinsha River (10 October 2018 and 3 November 2018) is higher (the relative error is 0.73% and 6.68%, respectively), because the model in this study considers more parameters (the breach shape, the landslide dam erodibility) than the existing models. The research results can provide an important reference for formulating accurate and effective disaster prevention and mitigation measures for such disasters.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited