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Open AccessArticle

Mountain Road-Culvert Maintenance Algorithm

Faculty of Mechanical and Civil Engineering in Kraljevo, University of Kragujevac, 36000 Kraljevo, Serbia
Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, 18000 Niš, Serbia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Terry Lucke
Water 2021, 13(4), 471;
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics)
The objective of this research was to determine the probability of road overtopping occurrence for a road culvert caused by surface runoff from the upstream catchment. A hydrological–hydraulic model was used for the development of an algorithm for road culvert maintenance based on the overtopping occurrence probability (CMOOP algorithm) for small mountain catchments. The hydrological model defines the regression dependence between the runoff hydrograph peak values and the probability of occurrences, whereas the hydraulic model calculates the culvert flow capacity by including in the calculation the level of sediment that culvert is filled with. The relationship between occurrences of overtopping and peak runoff value was defined using the runoff hydrograph transformation model in the accumulation on the upstream side of the road. In addition to the calculation of overtopping occurrence probability for the existing culvert condition, the CMOOP algorithm was used to analyze the impact of rehabilitation and reconstruction works from the perspective of legally based safety criterion for road overtopping occurrence probability (SCROOP). The CMOOP algorithm was appled to 67 concrete culverts located in a mountain road section in the Republic of Serbia. The results show that the application of rehabilitation works on selected culverts will increase the percentage of culverts that satisfy SCROOP from 49.25% to 89.55%, which confirms that the accumulated stone sediment is the main reason for the SCROOP unfulfillment. View Full-Text
Keywords: culverts; overtopping occurrence probability; hydrological–hydraulic modeling; maintenance; algorithm culverts; overtopping occurrence probability; hydrological–hydraulic modeling; maintenance; algorithm
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  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.4310271
    Description: The supplementary material contains the spreadsheet with input data and calculation results of the CMOOP algorithm application on the analyzed road section.
MDPI and ACS Style

Mandić, V.; Šešlija, M.; Kolaković, S.; Kolaković, S.; Jeftenić, G.; Trajković, S. Mountain Road-Culvert Maintenance Algorithm. Water 2021, 13, 471.

AMA Style

Mandić V, Šešlija M, Kolaković S, Kolaković S, Jeftenić G, Trajković S. Mountain Road-Culvert Maintenance Algorithm. Water. 2021; 13(4):471.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mandić, Vladimir; Šešlija, Miloš; Kolaković, Slobodan; Kolaković, Srđan; Jeftenić, Goran; Trajković, Slaviša. 2021. "Mountain Road-Culvert Maintenance Algorithm" Water 13, no. 4: 471.

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