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Analysis of the Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectroscopy Characteristics of Dissolved Organic Matter in Groundwater from a Subtropical Cave in Dry Season—Daxiao Cave in South China Karst

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2
1
School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
2
State Engineering Technology Institute for Karst Desertification Control, Guiyang 550001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elias Dimitriou
Water 2021, 13(24), 3574; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243574
Received: 24 October 2021 / Revised: 9 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 December 2021 / Published: 13 December 2021
Groups in dissolved organic matter (DOM) emit fluorescence information at characteristic wavelengths when irradiated by excitation waves, which can reveal the geochemical behavior of dissolved organic matter in the environment and its sources, but there are few relevant studies in cave groundwater systems. In order to investigate the relationship between drip hydrochemistry characteristics and DOM in cave systems after subsurface leakage, in this study, from the perspective of dissolved organic matter in the karst cave water system, the groundwater in the dry season of Daxiao Cave was selected as the research object. Five drip points and one water pool (DX-1, DX-2, DX-3, DX-4, DX-5, and DX-C) in Daxiao Cave were monitored and consecutively sampled for four months. The parallel factor analysis method (PARAFAC), three-dimensional (3D) fluorescence parameters, and excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy (EEM), combined with the hydrochemistry characteristics of the drip water and correlation analysis, were used to analyze the 3D fluorescence spectral characteristics of the DOM of the drip water of Daxiao Cave and their influencing factors. The results show that (1) the hydrochemistry type of the drip water in Daxiao Cave was within the Ca–Mg–HCO3 type, and Ca2+, Mg2+, and HCO3 were the dominant ions in Daxiao Cave; (2) the fluorescence fractions of drip water in dry season caves were dominated by C1 (humus-like), C2 (tryptophan-like), and C3 (tyrosine-like), and the fluorescence fractions of drip water DOM were controlled by protein fluorophores; (3) the DOM in the drip water of Daxiao Cave in the dry season was controlled in part by subsurface leakage and was largely the result of microbial degradation; and (4) the DOM of the drip water may be influenced by the chemical composition of the water, but the exact process is not clear. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrochemistry; DOM; cave drip water; rocky desertification; Daxiao Cave hydrochemistry; DOM; cave drip water; rocky desertification; Daxiao Cave
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, R.; Liu, Z.; Xiong, K.; Lyu, X.; Hu, C.; Wang, X.; Cheng, K. Analysis of the Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectroscopy Characteristics of Dissolved Organic Matter in Groundwater from a Subtropical Cave in Dry Season—Daxiao Cave in South China Karst. Water 2021, 13, 3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243574

AMA Style

Zhang R, Liu Z, Xiong K, Lyu X, Hu C, Wang X, Cheng K. Analysis of the Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectroscopy Characteristics of Dissolved Organic Matter in Groundwater from a Subtropical Cave in Dry Season—Daxiao Cave in South China Karst. Water. 2021; 13(24):3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243574

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Renkai, Ziqi Liu, Kangning Xiong, Xiaoxi Lyu, Chenpeng Hu, Xinwen Wang, and Kun Cheng. 2021. "Analysis of the Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectroscopy Characteristics of Dissolved Organic Matter in Groundwater from a Subtropical Cave in Dry Season—Daxiao Cave in South China Karst" Water 13, no. 24: 3574. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243574

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