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Article

The Impact of Trade Facilitation on Cross-Border E-Commerce Transactions: Analysis Based on the Marine and Land Cross-Border Logistical Practices between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road”

1
School of Economics and Management, Liaoning University of Technology, No. 169, Shi Ying Street, Guta District, Jinzhou 121000, China
2
College of Business Administration Maharishi International University (MIU), 1000 N. 4th Street, Fairfield, IA 52557, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shuhong Wang
Water 2021, 13(24), 3567; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243567
Received: 29 October 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 December 2021 / Published: 13 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Economic Development and Conservation)
In the post-epidemic era, cross-border e-commerce has become a new growth point for global foreign trade. Unlike traditional trade, which is dominated by marine transport, cross-border e-commerce transactions have high requirements for both marine and land transport, and the scale of their trade is accordingly limited by the level of trade facilitation i.e., the convenience of cross-border logistics in bilateral trading countries. Based on transaction cost theory, this article takes cross-border e-commerce transactions between China and countries along “The Belt and Road” as the core of the study. From the perspective of marine and land transport timeliness, the theoretical framework is constructed using the marine and land logistics infrastructure, customs clearance environment, government–governance environment, and cross-border logistics services as the main influencing paths; the GMM method is then applied in order to conduct a study on the impact of trade facilitation on the scale effect of cross-border e-commerce. The study finds that marine and land transport infrastructure has the strongest impact, with customs clearance environment and government–governance environment having the second strongest and comparable impact. The findings of the study further clarify the differences in the application of different cross-border logistics facilitation measures, and provide a theoretical basis for improving the timeliness of cross-border e-commerce transactions and reducing trade costs as well as a reference for the realization of land–sea integration and land–sea interconnection under “The Belt and Road” initiative. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-border logistics facilitation; marine transport; cross-border e-commerce; China railway express; SYS-GMM estimation cross-border logistics facilitation; marine transport; cross-border e-commerce; China railway express; SYS-GMM estimation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, Y.; Guo, L.; Li, J.; Zhang, S.; Fei, X. The Impact of Trade Facilitation on Cross-Border E-Commerce Transactions: Analysis Based on the Marine and Land Cross-Border Logistical Practices between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road”. Water 2021, 13, 3567. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243567

AMA Style

Liang Y, Guo L, Li J, Zhang S, Fei X. The Impact of Trade Facilitation on Cross-Border E-Commerce Transactions: Analysis Based on the Marine and Land Cross-Border Logistical Practices between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road”. Water. 2021; 13(24):3567. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243567

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Yingying, Liangliang Guo, Jianlu Li, Shuang Zhang, and Xiangyun Fei. 2021. "The Impact of Trade Facilitation on Cross-Border E-Commerce Transactions: Analysis Based on the Marine and Land Cross-Border Logistical Practices between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road”" Water 13, no. 24: 3567. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243567

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