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Application of Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development Framework in River Water Conservation in Southern Ecuador. Case Study—The Zamora River

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Department of Civil Engineering, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Loja 1101608, Ecuador
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Department of Economics, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Loja 1101608, Ecuador
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anu Kumar and Ian A. Wright
Water 2021, 13(24), 3536; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243536
Received: 29 September 2021 / Revised: 16 November 2021 / Accepted: 3 December 2021 / Published: 10 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Water is essential for life and human activities. In addition to the constant increase in water demand, there are problems caused by inefficient governance, such as the discharge of untreated wastewater into rivers and seas, which is aggravated by the limited participation of civil society in decision-making. To face current and future challenges, solid public policies must be implemented, focused on measurable objectives, following planned and predetermined schedules on an appropriate scale, based on a clear assignment of functions to the competent authorities, and subject to periodic monitoring and evaluation. The Institutional Analysis and Development framework proposed by Ostrom made it possible to identify gaps in the existing governance, and to establish actions that could strengthen the institutional framework with the active participation of social actors, in order to achieve an effective conservation of water resources in southern Ecuador. The present study determined that regulations are not coherent with the conflict, the design of policies, and the effects of decision-making. The formal rules for wastewater management are not applied, and there is an incipient citizen participation, as well as disarticulation in institutions responsible for wastewater management. Recommendations were made to strengthen the institutional framework and governance of wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: governance; Ostrom’s IAD; governance of wastewater governance; Ostrom’s IAD; governance of wastewater
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oñate-Valdivieso, F.; Massa-Sánchez, P.; León, P.; Oñate-Paladines, A.; Cisneros, M. Application of Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development Framework in River Water Conservation in Southern Ecuador. Case Study—The Zamora River. Water 2021, 13, 3536. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243536

AMA Style

Oñate-Valdivieso F, Massa-Sánchez P, León P, Oñate-Paladines A, Cisneros M. Application of Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development Framework in River Water Conservation in Southern Ecuador. Case Study—The Zamora River. Water. 2021; 13(24):3536. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243536

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oñate-Valdivieso, Fernando, Priscilla Massa-Sánchez, Patricio León, Arianna Oñate-Paladines, and Mónica Cisneros. 2021. "Application of Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development Framework in River Water Conservation in Southern Ecuador. Case Study—The Zamora River" Water 13, no. 24: 3536. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243536

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