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Article

Subsurface Temperature Properties for Three Types of Permeable Pavements in Cold Weather Climates and Implications for Deicer Reduction

U.S. Geological Survey—Upper Midwest Water Science Center, 8505 Research Way, Middleton, WI 53562, USA
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Academic Editor: Michael Richter
Water 2021, 13(24), 3513; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243513
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 29 November 2021 / Accepted: 3 December 2021 / Published: 9 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
Permeable pavement has been shown to be an effective urban stormwater management tool although much is still unknown about freeze-thaw responses and the implications for deicer reduction in cold weather climates. Temperature data from the subsurface of three permeable pavement types—interlocking concrete pavers (PICP), concrete (PC), and asphalt (PA)—were collected over a seven-year period and evaluated. Temperature profiles of all pavements indicate favorable conditions to allow infiltration during winter rain and melting events, with subsurface temperatures remaining above freezing even when air temperatures were below freezing. Data show that PICP surpassed PC and PA with fewer days below freezing, higher temperatures on melt days, slower freeze and faster thaw times, and less penetration of freezing temperatures at depth. View Full-Text
Keywords: permeable pavement; PICP; PC; PA; green infrastructure; deicers; temperature; infiltration; salt; chloride permeable pavement; PICP; PC; PA; green infrastructure; deicers; temperature; infiltration; salt; chloride
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MDPI and ACS Style

Danz, M.E.; Buer, N.H.; Selbig, W.R. Subsurface Temperature Properties for Three Types of Permeable Pavements in Cold Weather Climates and Implications for Deicer Reduction. Water 2021, 13, 3513. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243513

AMA Style

Danz ME, Buer NH, Selbig WR. Subsurface Temperature Properties for Three Types of Permeable Pavements in Cold Weather Climates and Implications for Deicer Reduction. Water. 2021; 13(24):3513. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243513

Chicago/Turabian Style

Danz, Mari E., Nicolas H. Buer, and William R. Selbig. 2021. "Subsurface Temperature Properties for Three Types of Permeable Pavements in Cold Weather Climates and Implications for Deicer Reduction" Water 13, no. 24: 3513. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243513

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