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Article

Modeling Local Scour around a Cylindrical Pier with Circular Collar with Tilt Angles (Counterclockwise around the Direction of the Channel Cross-Section) in Clear-Water

Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Highway, Chang’An University, Xi’an 710064, China
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Academic Editor: Giuseppe Pezzinga
Water 2021, 13(22), 3281; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223281
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 15 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 19 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics)
This research explores how a circular collar with a tilt angle (counterclockwise around the direction of the channel cross-section) could affect the local scour depth around a single cylindrical pier in clear-water based on Large Eddy Simulation (LES) in six cases. The results show that a horizontal circular collar is the best for reducing the local scour depth. With the increases of the tilt angle, the effect on reducing the local scour depth decreases gradually and is even counterproductive at the scour equilibrium. At the early stage of scouring, cases with circular collars show obvious scouring depth reductions. The smaller the tilt angle is, the better and longer-lasting the protection that the circular collar can provide. When the tilt angle is smaller than 5°, the location of the maximum local scouring is around 90–115° (the angle is measured clockwise from the flow direction) on both sides of the pier. When the tilt angle is greater than 5°, the depth of local scouring in the range around −115° to 115° is close to the maximum local scouring depth. Significantly larger areas reach the maximum scouring depth when the tilt angle increases. Compared to Case 1 (the pier without a circular collar), in the cases with a circular collar, the topographies downwards the pier in 1.0D (D is the diameter of the bridge pier) are changed to siltation from scouring. The topography downwards the pier changes from scouring to siltation with the increase of the tilt angle, and the shape of siltation changes from a long-narrow rectangle to an equilateral triangle. This study may provide valuable insights into the protection of the local scour of the pier. View Full-Text
Keywords: local scour; circular collar; tilt angle; clear-water; large eddy simulation local scour; circular collar; tilt angle; clear-water; large eddy simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qi, H.; Tian, W.; Zhang, H. Modeling Local Scour around a Cylindrical Pier with Circular Collar with Tilt Angles (Counterclockwise around the Direction of the Channel Cross-Section) in Clear-Water. Water 2021, 13, 3281. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223281

AMA Style

Qi H, Tian W, Zhang H. Modeling Local Scour around a Cylindrical Pier with Circular Collar with Tilt Angles (Counterclockwise around the Direction of the Channel Cross-Section) in Clear-Water. Water. 2021; 13(22):3281. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223281

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qi, Hongliang, Weiping Tian, and Haochi Zhang. 2021. "Modeling Local Scour around a Cylindrical Pier with Circular Collar with Tilt Angles (Counterclockwise around the Direction of the Channel Cross-Section) in Clear-Water" Water 13, no. 22: 3281. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223281

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