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Article

Modeling the Soil Erosion Regulation Ecosystem Services of the Landscape in Polish Catchments

1
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Chamran Blvd., Karaj 31587-77878, Iran
2
Department of Landscape Water Conservation, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Thakurova 7, 16629 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Department of Regional Economics and Environment, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz, 90-255 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Monica Papini
Water 2021, 13(22), 3274; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223274
Received: 21 October 2021 / Revised: 10 November 2021 / Accepted: 15 November 2021 / Published: 18 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling of Soil Conservation, Soil Erosion and Sediment Transport)
In this study, the soil erosion regulation ecosystem services of the CORINE land use/ land cover types along with soil intrinsic features and geomorphological factors were examined by using the soil erosion data of 327 catchments in Poland, with a mean area of 510 ± 330 km2, applying a multivariate regression modeling approach. The results showed that soil erosion is accelerated by the discontinuous urban fabric (r = 0.224, p ≤ 0.01), by construction sites (r = 0.141, p ≤ 0.05), non-irrigated arable land (r = 0.237, p ≤ 0.01), and is mitigated by coniferous forest (r = −0.322, p ≤ 0.01), the clay ratio (r = −0.652, p ≤ 0.01), and the organic content of the soil (r = −0.622, p ≤ 0.01). The models also indicated that there is a strong relationship between soil erosion and the percentage of land use/land cover types (r2 = [0.62, 0.82, 0.83, 0.74]), i.e., mixed forest, non-irrigated arable land, fruit trees and berry plantations, broad-leaf forest, sport and leisure facilities, construction sites, and mineral extraction sites. The findings show that the soil erosion regulation ecosystem service is sensitive to broadleaf forests, rainfed agriculture, soil water content, terrain slope, drainage network density, annual precipitation, the clay ratio, the soil carbon content, and the degree of sensitivity increases from the broadleaf forest to the soil carbon content. View Full-Text
Keywords: regression models; Akaike information criterion; landscape composition; sensitivity analysis; goodness of fit tests regression models; Akaike information criterion; landscape composition; sensitivity analysis; goodness of fit tests
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MDPI and ACS Style

Istanbuly, M.N.; Dostál, T.; Jabbarian Amiri, B. Modeling the Soil Erosion Regulation Ecosystem Services of the Landscape in Polish Catchments. Water 2021, 13, 3274. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223274

AMA Style

Istanbuly MN, Dostál T, Jabbarian Amiri B. Modeling the Soil Erosion Regulation Ecosystem Services of the Landscape in Polish Catchments. Water. 2021; 13(22):3274. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223274

Chicago/Turabian Style

Istanbuly, Mustafa N., Tomáš Dostál, and Bahman Jabbarian Amiri. 2021. "Modeling the Soil Erosion Regulation Ecosystem Services of the Landscape in Polish Catchments" Water 13, no. 22: 3274. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223274

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