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Article

Measurement of Natural Radionuclides in Drinking Water and Risk Assessment in a Volcanic Region of Italy, Campania

1
Department of Physics “E. Pancini”, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Naples, Italy
2
National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Naples Section, 80126 Naples, Italy
3
Centre for Advanced Metrology and Technological Services (CeSMA), University of Naples Federico II, 80146 Naples, Italy
4
Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
5
GORI S.p.A., 80056 Ercolano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Caetano C. Dorea
Water 2021, 13(22), 3271; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223271
Received: 14 October 2021 / Revised: 4 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 18 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Contamination)
The physical–chemical properties of water are closely linked to the geological nature of the site where they are located. This aspect becomes even more interesting when analyzing the natural radionuclides in the drinking water of a volcanic territory such as Campania in southern Italy. This study concerned the measurement of activity concentration of gross alpha and beta, radon, and tritium to evaluate their biological impact. The measurements were carried out using alpha spectrometry for alpha emitters, proportional counter for beta emitters, the electret system for radon in water, and finally liquid scintillation for the measurement of tritium concentration. The biological impact was assessed considering the indicative dose, if applicable, and the effective annual dose of radon. Although the results show that the values are below international and national references, the radiological characterization of drinking water is of fundamental importance to optimize the radiation protection of the population. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water; natural radionuclides; gross alpha; gross beta; radon; tritium; radiological impact; internal exposure drinking water; natural radionuclides; gross alpha; gross beta; radon; tritium; radiological impact; internal exposure
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MDPI and ACS Style

La Verde, G.; Artiola, V.; D’Avino, V.; La Commara, M.; Panico, M.; Polichetti, S.; Pugliese, M. Measurement of Natural Radionuclides in Drinking Water and Risk Assessment in a Volcanic Region of Italy, Campania. Water 2021, 13, 3271. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223271

AMA Style

La Verde G, Artiola V, D’Avino V, La Commara M, Panico M, Polichetti S, Pugliese M. Measurement of Natural Radionuclides in Drinking Water and Risk Assessment in a Volcanic Region of Italy, Campania. Water. 2021; 13(22):3271. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223271

Chicago/Turabian Style

La Verde, Giuseppe, Valeria Artiola, Vittoria D’Avino, Marco La Commara, Marianna Panico, Salvatore Polichetti, and Mariagabriella Pugliese. 2021. "Measurement of Natural Radionuclides in Drinking Water and Risk Assessment in a Volcanic Region of Italy, Campania" Water 13, no. 22: 3271. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223271

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