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Article

Development of a Fish-Based Multimetric Index for the Assessment of Lagoons’ Ecological Quality in Northern Greece

Fisheries Research Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization “DIMITRA”, Nea Peramos, GR-64007 Kavala, Greece
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Academic Editor: Michele Mistri
Water 2021, 13(21), 3008; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213008
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 27 October 2021
Maintaining and improving the aquatic ecosystems in the community is the aim of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) 2000/60/EC. The WFD requires the water quality to be classified into five categories. Lagoons are dynamic ecosystems. The fish communities inhabiting them are highly affected by the environmental conditions prevailing both in the freshwater systems and in the marine environment. The current paper presented the first effort to develop a fish-based index (Lagoon Fish-based Index—LFI) for the assessment of the Mediterranean shallow lagoons, as almost all indices produced to date refer to freshwater or estuarine systems. For the development and calibration of the index, data were collected from nine lagoons situated in three estuarine systems in the East Macedonia and Thrace regions. The development of the LFI was based on the principles of the Indices of Biological Integrity (IBIs) that were primary used for the assessment of aquatic ecosystems in the USA. A total number of 25 metrics were selected as potential metrics for the LFI. These metrics describe attributes such as the abundance and composition of the fish fauna, the feeding strategies of the species, and the presence of sentinel species. Finally, eight metrics were included in the LFI. View Full-Text
Keywords: WFD; lagoon fish index; multimetric index; lagoons; northern Greece; Mediterranean region WFD; lagoon fish index; multimetric index; lagoons; northern Greece; Mediterranean region
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sapounidis, A.S.; Koutrakis, E.T. Development of a Fish-Based Multimetric Index for the Assessment of Lagoons’ Ecological Quality in Northern Greece. Water 2021, 13, 3008. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213008

AMA Style

Sapounidis AS, Koutrakis ET. Development of a Fish-Based Multimetric Index for the Assessment of Lagoons’ Ecological Quality in Northern Greece. Water. 2021; 13(21):3008. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sapounidis, Argyrios S., and Emmanuil T. Koutrakis. 2021. "Development of a Fish-Based Multimetric Index for the Assessment of Lagoons’ Ecological Quality in Northern Greece" Water 13, no. 21: 3008. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213008

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