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Article

The Use of High-Speed Cameras as a Tool for the Characterization of Raindrops in Splash Laboratory Studies

1
School of Industrial, Informatics and Aerospace Engineering, University of Leon, 24071 León, Spain
2
Soil Physics and Land Management, Environmental Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Department of Environmental Quality and Soils, Desertification Research Centre-CIDE (CSIC, UV, GV), 46113 Moncada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luca Giovanni Lanza
Water 2021, 13(20), 2851; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202851
Received: 16 September 2021 / Revised: 8 October 2021 / Accepted: 9 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rainfall Measurement and Its Application)
Measuring the characteristics of raindrops is essential for different processes studies. There have been many methods used throughout history to measure raindrops. In recent years, automatic image recognition and processing systems have been used with high-speed cameras to characterize rainfall by obtaining the spectrum of droplet sizes and their speeds and thus being able to use this technology to calibrate rainfall simulators. In this work, two phases were carried out: in the first one, individual drops with terminal speeds of different sizes were measured and processed both in speed and in shape with a high-speed camera; and in the second phase, a calibration procedure was designed but in multidrop images, determining the characteristics of the drops produced by a rain simulator. According to results, the real shape of each drop depending on the size was determined, from round to ovaloid shapes, and the terminal velocity of water drops with different sizes was measured. Based on the rain images used to calibrate a rainfall simulator, it was observed that, with a higher intensity of rain, the drops produced were smaller, which contrasts with real rain, in which just the opposite happens. This calibration evaluates their resemblance to reality, calculates the real kinetic energy of the rain they produce and see if they can be used to model events in nature. View Full-Text
Keywords: splash erosion; raindrop; terminal velocity; high-speed camera; rainfall simulator splash erosion; raindrop; terminal velocity; high-speed camera; rainfall simulator
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Raga, M.; Cabeza-Ortega, M.; González-Castro, V.; Peters, P.; Commelin, M.; Campo, J. The Use of High-Speed Cameras as a Tool for the Characterization of Raindrops in Splash Laboratory Studies. Water 2021, 13, 2851. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202851

AMA Style

Fernández-Raga M, Cabeza-Ortega M, González-Castro V, Peters P, Commelin M, Campo J. The Use of High-Speed Cameras as a Tool for the Characterization of Raindrops in Splash Laboratory Studies. Water. 2021; 13(20):2851. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202851

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Raga, María, Marco Cabeza-Ortega, Víctor González-Castro, Piet Peters, Meindert Commelin, and Julián Campo. 2021. "The Use of High-Speed Cameras as a Tool for the Characterization of Raindrops in Splash Laboratory Studies" Water 13, no. 20: 2851. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202851

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