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Article

Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed over and around the Tibetan Plateau from 1971 to 2017

by 1,2, 2,*, 2,* and 2
1
History, Culture and Tourism School, Fuyang Normal University, Fuyang 236037, China
2
Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Momcilo Markus and Achim A. Beylich
Water 2021, 13(20), 2848; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202848
Received: 24 August 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Variations of Precipitation Extremes in Arid Regions)
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) are regions that are most sensitive to climate change, especially extreme precipitation changes with elevation, may increase the risk of natural disasters and have attracted attention for the study of extreme events in order to identify adaptive actions. Based on daily observed data from 113 meteorological stations in the Tibetan Plateau and the surrounding regions in China during 1971–2017, we calculated the annual total precipitation and extreme precipitation indices using the R ClimDex software package and explored elevation-dependent precipitation trends. The results demonstrate that the annual total precipitation increased at a rate of 6.7 mm/decade, and the contribution of extreme precipitation to total precipitation increased over time, and the climate extremes were enhanced. The annual total, seasonal precipitation, and precipitation extreme trends were observed in terms of elevation dependence in the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and the surrounding area of the Tibetan Plateau (TPS) during 1971–2017. There is growing evidence that the elevation-dependent wetting (EDWE) is complex over the TP. The trends in total precipitation have a strong dependence on elevation, and the EDWE is highlighted by the extreme precipitation indices, for example, the number of heavy precipitation days (R10) and consecutive wet days (CWD). The dependence of extreme precipitation on elevation is heterogeneous, as other extreme indices do not indicate EDWE. These findings highlight the precipitation complexity in the TP. The findings of this study will be helpful for improving our understanding of variabilities in precipitation and extreme precipitation in response to climate change and will provide support for water resource management and disaster prevention in plateaus and mountain ranges. View Full-Text
Keywords: elevation-dependent wetting (EDWE); extreme precipitation; precipitation; tibetan plateau elevation-dependent wetting (EDWE); extreme precipitation; precipitation; tibetan plateau
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, W.; Yao, J.; He, Q.; Chen, J. Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed over and around the Tibetan Plateau from 1971 to 2017. Water 2021, 13, 2848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202848

AMA Style

Hu W, Yao J, He Q, Chen J. Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed over and around the Tibetan Plateau from 1971 to 2017. Water. 2021; 13(20):2848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202848

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hu, Wenfeng, Junqiang Yao, Qing He, and Jing Chen. 2021. "Elevation-Dependent Trends in Precipitation Observed over and around the Tibetan Plateau from 1971 to 2017" Water 13, no. 20: 2848. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202848

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