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Temporal Changes in Flow Regime along the River Vistula

Department of Hydrology and Hydrodynamics, Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Ks. Janusza 64, 01-542 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bommanna Krishnappan
Water 2021, 13(20), 2840;
Received: 5 September 2021 / Revised: 26 September 2021 / Accepted: 29 September 2021 / Published: 12 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human and Climate Impacts on Drought Dynamics and Vulnerability)
The flow regime in the River Vistula is influenced by climatic and geographical factors and human intervention. In this study, we focus on an analysis of flow and precipitation variability over time and space following the course of the River Vistula. Multi-purpose statistical analyses of a number of runoff and precipitation characteristics were performed to present a general overview of the temporal and spatial changes. Since the important feature of the hydrological regime of Polish rivers is the seasonality of runoff associated with the occurrence of cold (winter) and warm (summer) seasons within a hydrological year, a seasonal approach is applied to describe specific seasonal features that can be masked when using annual data. In general, the results confirm popular impressions about changes in winter season runoff characteristics, i.e., significantly decreasing daily maxima, increasing daily minima and a decrease in concentration, and so a bigger uniformity of winter daily flows. An interesting behaviour of minimum flows in the summer has been revealed, which is contrary to social perceptions and the alarming changes taking place in the other parts of the world. Additionally, precipitation indexes related to the formation of droughts show no trends, e.g., the mean value of the maximum dry spell length. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vistula basin; runoff; precipitation; climate change Vistula basin; runoff; precipitation; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bogdanowicz, E.; Karamuz, E.; Romanowicz, R.J. Temporal Changes in Flow Regime along the River Vistula. Water 2021, 13, 2840.

AMA Style

Bogdanowicz E, Karamuz E, Romanowicz RJ. Temporal Changes in Flow Regime along the River Vistula. Water. 2021; 13(20):2840.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bogdanowicz, Ewa, Emilia Karamuz, and Renata Julita Romanowicz. 2021. "Temporal Changes in Flow Regime along the River Vistula" Water 13, no. 20: 2840.

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