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Article

Evaluation of Microbial Communities of Bottled Mineral Waters and Preliminary Traceability Analysis Using NGS Microbial Fingerprints

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Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Via Cinthia 21, I-80126 Naples, Italy
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Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Pansini 5, I-80138 Naples, Italy
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Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Technologies, Faculty of Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11510 Cádiz, Spain
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Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Cinthia 21, I-80126 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hodon Ryu
Water 2021, 13(20), 2824; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202824
Received: 16 September 2021 / Revised: 7 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
The microbiological monitoring of mineral bottled waters results is crucial for the prevention of outbreaks in consumers. European and International regulations establish the quality of water intended for human consumption in order to preserve human health from the negative effects deriving from water contamination. Advanced methods targeting the faster detection of potential pathogens in drinking water may consent to the creation of an early warning system, enhancing water quality management. This study aimed to suggest the implementation of standard water quality evaluations, based on the characterization of the microbial composition of mineral bottled water brands, contributing to the periodic control of the water’s microbiological stability along with the shelf life, and, consequently, the stability of the supplying sources. Bottled water microbiota analysis was combined with the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of microbial loads in time, and the monitoring was performed in two seasons and two different storage conditions for a total of sixty days. The employment of molecular microbiology techniques (NGS and Sanger sequencing), compared to standardized cultural methods and integrated with metagenomic analysis, combining chemical and physical indicators for each sample, allowing for the generation of specific fingerprints for mineral bottled waters, pointing at simplifying and improving the foreseen risk assessment strategies to ensure the adequate traceability, quality and safety management of drinking water. View Full-Text
Keywords: mineral water; shelf life; NGS; microbiota; fingerprints; traceability mineral water; shelf life; NGS; microbiota; fingerprints; traceability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carraturo, F.; Del Giudice, C.; Compagnone, M.; Libralato, G.; Toscanesi, M.; Trifuoggi, M.; Galdiero, E.; Guida, M. Evaluation of Microbial Communities of Bottled Mineral Waters and Preliminary Traceability Analysis Using NGS Microbial Fingerprints. Water 2021, 13, 2824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202824

AMA Style

Carraturo F, Del Giudice C, Compagnone M, Libralato G, Toscanesi M, Trifuoggi M, Galdiero E, Guida M. Evaluation of Microbial Communities of Bottled Mineral Waters and Preliminary Traceability Analysis Using NGS Microbial Fingerprints. Water. 2021; 13(20):2824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202824

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carraturo, Federica, Carmela Del Giudice, Mariacristina Compagnone, Giovanni Libralato, Maria Toscanesi, Marco Trifuoggi, Emilia Galdiero, and Marco Guida. 2021. "Evaluation of Microbial Communities of Bottled Mineral Waters and Preliminary Traceability Analysis Using NGS Microbial Fingerprints" Water 13, no. 20: 2824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202824

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