In recent years, the severe deterioration of water quality and eutrophication in the Yangtze River has brought much trouble to people’s lives. Because of this, numerous management departments have paid more and more attention to the treatment of the water environment. In order to respond to water environmental protection policy and provide management departments with a basis for refining water quality, this paper takes the Zhuzhou section of Yangtze River-Lushui watershed as its research object. First, we used the Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) model as a tool, and obtained the pollution load using the FLUX method formula. During the calibration process, the sensitivity analysis method, the orthogonal design method, and the trial and error method were used. Then, we verified the results by using water quality monitoring data published by Zhuzhou Ecological Environment Bureau. Following that, the water environmental capacity of the Lushui River in normal, wet and dry periods was calculated using the WASP model: the chemical oxygen demand (COD) was 14,072.94 tons/yr, 17,147.7 tons/yr and 10,998.18 tons/yr, respectively; ammonia nitrogen (AN) was 469.098 tons/yr, 571.59 tons/yr and 366.606 tons/yr, respectively; and total phosphorus (TP) was 93.8196 tons/yr, 114.318 tons/yr and 73.3212 tons/yr, respectively. The results show that the WASP model is applicable and reliable and can be used as an effective tool for water quality prediction and management in this area.
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