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Article

CFD Model of the Density-Driven Bidirectional Flows through the West Crack Breach in the Great Salt Lake Causeway

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Utah Water Research Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-8200, USA
2
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-8200, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anargiros I. Delis
Water 2021, 13(17), 2423; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172423
Received: 1 July 2021 / Revised: 18 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 3 September 2021
Stratified flows and the resulting density-driven currents occur in the natural environment and commonly in saline lakes. In the Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA, the northern and southern portions of the lake are divided by an east-to-west railroad causeway that disrupts natural lake currents and significantly increases salt concentrations in the northern section. To support management efforts focused on addressing rising environmental and economic concerns associated with varied saltwater densities throughout the lake, the causeway was recently modified to include a new breach. The purpose of this new breach is to enhance salt exchange between the northern and southern sections of the lake. Since construction, it typically exhibits a strong density-driven bidirectional flow pattern, but estimating flows and salt exchange has proven to be difficult. To obtain much needed insights into the ability of this hydraulic structure to exchange water and salt between the two sections of the lake, a field campaign coupled with CFD modeling was undertaken. Results from this study indicate that the vertical velocity profile in the breach is sensitive to density differences between flow layers along with breach geometry and water surface elevations. The CFD model was able to accurately represent the bidirectional flows through the breach and provides for improved estimates of water and salt exchanges between the north and south sections of the lake. View Full-Text
Keywords: density-driven flow; saltwater lake; bidirectional flow; stratification; large eddy simulation; West Crack Breach density-driven flow; saltwater lake; bidirectional flow; stratification; large eddy simulation; West Crack Breach
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rasmussen, M.; Dutta, S.; Neilson, B.T.; Crookston, B.M. CFD Model of the Density-Driven Bidirectional Flows through the West Crack Breach in the Great Salt Lake Causeway. Water 2021, 13, 2423. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172423

AMA Style

Rasmussen M, Dutta S, Neilson BT, Crookston BM. CFD Model of the Density-Driven Bidirectional Flows through the West Crack Breach in the Great Salt Lake Causeway. Water. 2021; 13(17):2423. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172423

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rasmussen, Michael, Som Dutta, Bethany T. Neilson, and Brian M. Crookston 2021. "CFD Model of the Density-Driven Bidirectional Flows through the West Crack Breach in the Great Salt Lake Causeway" Water 13, no. 17: 2423. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172423

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