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Article

Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Pollution in the Songnen Plain of Jilin Province, Northeast China

1
Changchun Institute of Technology, College of Jilin Emergency Management, Changchun 130012, China
2
Changchun Institute of Technology, College of Surveying and Mapping Engineering, Changchun 130021, China
3
Institute of Natural Disaster Research, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Domenico Cicchella
Water 2021, 13(17), 2414; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172414
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 30 August 2021 / Published: 2 September 2021
Clean groundwater resources are vital to human health. To evaluate groundwater quality in the Songnen Plain (Jilin), a field investigation sampling test, multivariate statistical analysis, and spatial analysis were conducted based on a geographic information system. The main substances exceeding the standard were screened out, and the main controlling factors affecting groundwater quality were discussed. The research result showed that nine components exceeded groundwater standards by approximately 10%: Al, total hardness (TH), total dissolved solids (TDS), Mn, As, NO3, Fe, F, and BaP. The over-standard of TDS and TH in groundwater are mainly distributed in the geological environment conditions and unreasonable exploitation and utilization of groundwater in this area. The results of the multi-index evaluation showed that the most important factors affecting groundwater quality were general chemical indices, followed by inorganic toxicology and heavy metals. Controlling the overexploitation of water resources, controlling agricultural activities and sewage discharge, and implementing water conservation systems are the main pathways to improve water quality in the study area. The research results can provide a reference for groundwater pollution control and water resource protection in the Songnen Plain (Jilin). View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater; water quality index; Songnen Plain; comprehensive evaluation groundwater; water quality index; Songnen Plain; comprehensive evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.; Zhang, Y.; He, J.; Zhang, J.; Lang, Q.; Liu, H.; Wu, C. Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Pollution in the Songnen Plain of Jilin Province, Northeast China. Water 2021, 13, 2414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172414

AMA Style

Chen Y, Zhang Y, He J, Zhang J, Lang Q, Liu H, Wu C. Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Pollution in the Songnen Plain of Jilin Province, Northeast China. Water. 2021; 13(17):2414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yanan, Yichen Zhang, Jiasheng He, Jiquan Zhang, Qiuling Lang, Huanan Liu, and Chenyang Wu. 2021. "Assessment of Groundwater Quality and Pollution in the Songnen Plain of Jilin Province, Northeast China" Water 13, no. 17: 2414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172414

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