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Article

Spatial Variability of Water Resources State of Regions around the “Belt and Road”

1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Resource and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
4
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
5
Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
6
Beijing Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Beijing 100025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fernando António Leal Pacheco and Luís Filipe Sanches Fernandes
Water 2021, 13(15), 2102; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152102
Received: 5 June 2021 / Revised: 26 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Security and Governance in Catchments)
Water resource has become a key constraint for implementing the “Belt and Road” initiative which was raised by the Chinese government. Besides the study of spatial and temporal variability of precipitation, this study created a water hazard risk map along the “Belt and Road” zone through combined flood and drought data from 1985. Our results showed that South-Eastern Asia, southern China and eastern Southern Asia are areas with the most abundant precipitations, while floods in these areas are also the most serious. Northwest China, Western Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia are areas highly vulnerable to drought. Furthermore, the potential influence of flood and drought were also analyzed by associating with population distribution and corridor map. It reveals that China, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia and Northern Africa have the largest population number facing potential high water hazard risk. China–India–Burma Corridor and China–Indo-China Peninsula Corridor have the largest areas facing potential high water hazard risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: water security; precipitation; drought; flood; transport planning water security; precipitation; drought; flood; transport planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.; Li, Z.; Chen, M.; Song, X.; Kang, P. Spatial Variability of Water Resources State of Regions around the “Belt and Road”. Water 2021, 13, 2102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152102

AMA Style

Huang Y, Li Z, Chen M, Song X, Kang P. Spatial Variability of Water Resources State of Regions around the “Belt and Road”. Water. 2021; 13(15):2102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Yaohuan, Zhonghua Li, Mingxing Chen, Xiaoyang Song, and Ping Kang. 2021. "Spatial Variability of Water Resources State of Regions around the “Belt and Road”" Water 13, no. 15: 2102. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152102

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