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Article

Temperature Changes and Their Impact on Drought Conditions in Winter and Spring in the Vistula Basin

Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-452 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(14), 1973; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141973
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 19 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human and Climate Impacts on Drought Dynamics and Vulnerability)
Inter-annual variability of hydro-meteorological variables indirectly influence soil moisture conditions in winter and early spring seasons. The interactions between temperature changes and drought conditions are studied by an application of statistical analyses of minimum temperature (Tmin), consecutive days with temperature exceeding the 0 °C threshold value, the number of melting pulses in the winter season and Standardized Evaporation Precipitation Index (SPEI). Additionally, shifts in the onset of days with spring temperature and snow cover occurrence are analysed. A Mann–Kendall test is applied for the trend analysis. Studies have shown significant changes in thermal characteristics in the winter season over the past 70 years, which affect the moisture conditions in the Vistula River Basin. As a result of those changes, the Vistula Basin is more prone to droughts. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil moisture; spring drought; Vistula Basin; statistical analysis; SPEI soil moisture; spring drought; Vistula Basin; statistical analysis; SPEI
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karamuz, E.; Romanowicz, R.J. Temperature Changes and Their Impact on Drought Conditions in Winter and Spring in the Vistula Basin. Water 2021, 13, 1973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141973

AMA Style

Karamuz E, Romanowicz RJ. Temperature Changes and Their Impact on Drought Conditions in Winter and Spring in the Vistula Basin. Water. 2021; 13(14):1973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141973

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karamuz, Emilia, and Renata J. Romanowicz 2021. "Temperature Changes and Their Impact on Drought Conditions in Winter and Spring in the Vistula Basin" Water 13, no. 14: 1973. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141973

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