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Article

Enhancement of Solar Water Desalination Using Copper and Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles

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Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
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Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, Ras Al Khaimah 10021, United Arab Emirates
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Department of Engineering, ceiA3, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexandros I. Stefanakis
Water 2021, 13(14), 1914; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141914
Received: 2 June 2021 / Revised: 1 July 2021 / Accepted: 7 July 2021 / Published: 10 July 2021
In this research, two identical solar stills were designed and constructed to investigate the effect of adding copper and aluminum oxide nanoparticles on the quantity of water produced by solar desalination. The two solar stills were installed side by side, and measurements were recorded simultaneously from both stills. The nanoparticles were added to one still, each at one time but with different concentrations, while the other contained only water. Data acquisition and a weather station were used to record the glass, water, and ambient temperatures in addition to the hourly solar radiation. It was found that the addition of nanoparticles increases the amount of condensate. The most efficient concentrations were found to be 0.4% of Al2O3 and 0.6% of CuO. At these concentrations, an increase in the efficiency of the still equals 7.8%, and 9.62% was recorded. Furthermore, it was found that CuO has a more pronounced effect on the condensate than Al2O3 at all concentrations except at 0.4% concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar still; water desalination; nanofluids; solar energy solar still; water desalination; nanofluids; solar energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamdan, M.A.; Al Momani, A.M.; Ayadi, O.; Sakhrieh, A.H.; Manzano-Agugliaro, F. Enhancement of Solar Water Desalination Using Copper and Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles. Water 2021, 13, 1914. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141914

AMA Style

Hamdan MA, Al Momani AM, Ayadi O, Sakhrieh AH, Manzano-Agugliaro F. Enhancement of Solar Water Desalination Using Copper and Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles. Water. 2021; 13(14):1914. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141914

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamdan, Mohammad A., Anas M. Al Momani, Osama Ayadi, Ahmad H. Sakhrieh, and Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro. 2021. "Enhancement of Solar Water Desalination Using Copper and Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles" Water 13, no. 14: 1914. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141914

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