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Review

IoT Based Smart Water Quality Monitoring: Recent Techniques, Trends and Challenges for Domestic Applications

1
Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 34221, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Computer Engineering, College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 34221, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Talis Juhna
Water 2021, 13(13), 1729; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131729
Received: 22 May 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 June 2021 / Published: 22 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Management in Water Distribution Networks)
Safe water is becoming a scarce resource, due to the combined effects of increased population, pollution, and climate changes. Water quality monitoring is thus paramount, especially for domestic water. Traditionally used laboratory-based testing approaches are manual, costly, time consuming, and lack real-time feedback. Recently developed systems utilizing wireless sensor network (WSN) technology have reported weaknesses in energy management, data security, and communication coverage. Due to the recent advances in Internet-of-Things (IoT) that can be applied in the development of more efficient, secure, and cheaper systems with real-time capabilities, we present here a survey aimed at summarizing the current state of the art regarding IoT based smart water quality monitoring systems (IoT-WQMS) especially dedicated for domestic applications. In brief, this study probes into common water-quality monitoring (WQM) parameters, their safe-limits for drinking water, related smart sensors, critical review, and ratification of contemporary IoT-WQMS via a proposed empirical metric, analysis, and discussion and, finally, design recommendations for an efficient system. No doubt, this study will benefit the developing field of smart homes, offices, and cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet-of-Things; water quality; smart water tank; smart city; smart home; smart offices; smart embedded systems Internet-of-Things; water quality; smart water tank; smart city; smart home; smart offices; smart embedded systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jan, F.; Min-Allah, N.; Düştegör, D. IoT Based Smart Water Quality Monitoring: Recent Techniques, Trends and Challenges for Domestic Applications. Water 2021, 13, 1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131729

AMA Style

Jan F, Min-Allah N, Düştegör D. IoT Based Smart Water Quality Monitoring: Recent Techniques, Trends and Challenges for Domestic Applications. Water. 2021; 13(13):1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131729

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jan, Farmanullah, Nasro Min-Allah, and Dilek Düştegör. 2021. "IoT Based Smart Water Quality Monitoring: Recent Techniques, Trends and Challenges for Domestic Applications" Water 13, no. 13: 1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131729

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