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Article

Beyond Streamflow: Call for a National Data Repository of Streamflow Presence for Streams and Rivers in the United States

1
U.S. Geological Survey, Washington Water Science Center, Tacoma, WA 98402, USA
2
U.S. Geological Survey, Idaho Water Science Center, Boise, ID 83702, USA
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U.S Geological Survey, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
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Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
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Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
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U.S. Geological Survey, Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center, Helena, MT 59601, USA
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Department of Geosciences, Boise State University, Boise, ID 83725, USA
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U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: David Dunkerley and Athanasios Loukas
Water 2021, 13(12), 1627; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121627
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 4 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
Observations of the presence or absence of surface water in streams are useful for characterizing streamflow permanence, which includes the frequency, duration, and spatial extent of surface flow in streams and rivers. Such data are particularly valuable for headwater streams, which comprise the vast majority of channel length in stream networks, are often non-perennial, and are frequently the most data deficient. Datasets of surface water presence exist across multiple data collection groups in the United States but are not well aligned for easy integration. Given the value of these data, a unified approach for organizing information on surface water presence and absence collected by diverse surveys would facilitate more effective and broad application of these data and address the gap in streamflow data in headwaters. In this paper, we highlight the numerous existing datasets on surface water presence in headwater streams, including recently developed crowdsourcing approaches. We identify the challenges of integrating multiple surface water presence/absence datasets that include differences in the definitions and categories of streamflow status, data collection method, spatial and temporal resolution, and accuracy of geographic location. Finally, we provide a list of critical and useful components that could be used to integrate different streamflow permanence datasets. View Full-Text
Keywords: perennial; non-perennial; intermittent; ephemeral; surface flow; headwaters; crowdsourcing; database perennial; non-perennial; intermittent; ephemeral; surface flow; headwaters; crowdsourcing; database
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jaeger, K.L.; Hafen, K.C.; Dunham, J.B.; Fritz, K.M.; Kampf, S.K.; Barnhart, T.B.; Kaiser, K.E.; Sando, R.; Johnson, S.L.; McShane, R.R.; Dunn, S.B. Beyond Streamflow: Call for a National Data Repository of Streamflow Presence for Streams and Rivers in the United States. Water 2021, 13, 1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121627

AMA Style

Jaeger KL, Hafen KC, Dunham JB, Fritz KM, Kampf SK, Barnhart TB, Kaiser KE, Sando R, Johnson SL, McShane RR, Dunn SB. Beyond Streamflow: Call for a National Data Repository of Streamflow Presence for Streams and Rivers in the United States. Water. 2021; 13(12):1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121627

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaeger, Kristin L., Konrad C. Hafen, Jason B. Dunham, Ken M. Fritz, Stephanie K. Kampf, Theodore B. Barnhart, Kendra E. Kaiser, Roy Sando, Sherri L. Johnson, Ryan R. McShane, and Sarah B. Dunn 2021. "Beyond Streamflow: Call for a National Data Repository of Streamflow Presence for Streams and Rivers in the United States" Water 13, no. 12: 1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121627

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