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Article

Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland

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Department of Geology and Geomorphology, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Lodz, Narutowicza 88, 90-139 Lodz, Poland
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Stanisław Leszczycki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organisation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
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Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences, Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, B. Krygowskiego 12, 61-680 Poznan, Poland
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Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement, UMR CNRS/6249, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 25000 Besançon, France
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The State Hermitage Museum, Dvortsovaya Naberezhnaya 34, 190000 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, 73 Niemenkatu, FI-15140 Lahti, Finland
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Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier ISEM, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, EPHE, 34095 Montpellier, France
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Polish Geological Institute—National Research Institute, Pomeranian Branch in Szczecin, 71-130 Szczecin, Poland
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Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
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Institute of Geoscience, Potsdam University, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
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Institute of Management and Territorial Development, Kremlevskaya, Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya Str., 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Physical Geography & Environment, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Department of Invertebrate Zoology & Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
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Laboratory of Palaeoecology and Archaeobotany, Department of Plant Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdansk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michał Słowiński, Natalia Rudaya and Mateusz Płóciennik
Water 2021, 13(11), 1611; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111611
Received: 19 April 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 28 May 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecology and Paleoecological Research on Lake and Peat Bog Ecosystems)
Although extensive archeological research works have been conducted in the Serteya region in recent years, the Holocene climate history in the Western Dvina Lakeland in Western Russia is still poorly understood. The Neolithic human occupation of the Serteyka lake–river system responded to climate oscillations, resulting in the development of a pile-dwelling settlement between 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP. In this paper, we present the quantitative paleoclimatic reconstructions of the Northgrippian stage (8.2–4.2 ka cal BP) from the Great Serteya Palaeolake Basin. The reconstructions were created based on a multiproxy (Chironomidae, pollen and Cladocera) approach. The mean July air temperature remained at 17–20 °C, which is similar to the present temperature in the Smolensk Upland. The summer temperature revealed only weak oscillations during 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP. A more remarkable feature during those events was an increase in continentality, manifested by a lower winter temperature and lower annual precipitation. During the third, intermediate oscillation in 5.0–4.7 ka cal BP, a rise in summer temperature and stronger shifts in continental air masses were recorded. It is still unclear if the above-described climate fluctuations are linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation and can be interpreted as an indication of Bond events because only a few high-resolution paleoclimatic reconstructions from the region have been presented and these reconstructions do not demonstrate explicit oscillations in the period of 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP. View Full-Text
Keywords: paleolimnology; lake sediment; multiproxy reconstruction; 5.9 and 4.2 climate event; climate change; Western Russia paleolimnology; lake sediment; multiproxy reconstruction; 5.9 and 4.2 climate event; climate change; Western Russia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mroczkowska, A.; Pawłowski, D.; Gauthier, E.; Mazurkevich, A.; Luoto, T.P.; Peyron, O.; Kotrys, B.; Brooks, S.J.; Nazarova, L.B.; Syrykh, L.; Dolbunova, E.V.; Thiebaut, E.; Płóciennik, M.; Antczak-Orlewska, O.; Kittel, P. Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland. Water 2021, 13, 1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111611

AMA Style

Mroczkowska A, Pawłowski D, Gauthier E, Mazurkevich A, Luoto TP, Peyron O, Kotrys B, Brooks SJ, Nazarova LB, Syrykh L, Dolbunova EV, Thiebaut E, Płóciennik M, Antczak-Orlewska O, Kittel P. Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland. Water. 2021; 13(11):1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111611

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mroczkowska, Agnieszka, Dominik Pawłowski, Emilie Gauthier, Andrey Mazurkevich, Tomi P. Luoto, Odile Peyron, Bartosz Kotrys, Stephen J. Brooks, Larisa B. Nazarova, Liudmila Syrykh, Ekaterina V. Dolbunova, Eva Thiebaut, Mateusz Płóciennik, Olga Antczak-Orlewska, and Piotr Kittel. 2021. "Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland" Water 13, no. 11: 1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111611

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