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Article

Zooplankton Community Dynamics in Temporary Mediterranean Wetlands: Which Drivers Are Controlling the Seasonal Species Replacement?

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Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Campus de Las Lagunillas s/n., 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Departamento de Ecología, Campus de Fuentenueva s/n., 18071 Granada, Spain
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Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias de la Tierra, Energía y Medio Ambiente, Campus de las Lagunillas s/n., 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jun Yang
Water 2021, 13(11), 1447; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111447
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 19 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Mountain and Mediterranean Wetlands Conservation)
Temporary Mediterranean wetlands are characterized by both intra and interannual variations in their environmental conditions. These inherent fluctuations in limnological features affect the seasonal variation in the structure and dynamics of the aquatic communities. In this study, we hypothesized that zooplankton community is coupled to seasonal changes of the environmental variables along the hydroperiod. To get this purpose, the study was focused in monitoring, by collecting monthly samples during an annual period, seven temporary Mediterranean ponds located in the south-eastern region of the Iberian Peninsula (Alto Guadalquivir region, Andalusia). The relationships between zooplankton community and the different limnological variables were analyzed based on two approaches: a Spearman correlation analysis and a correspondence canonical analysis (CCA). The results have shown that chlorophyll-a concentration, Secchi depth, total nitrogen concentration, wetland area and depth were the variables with a greater influence on the zooplankton community, explaining the zooplankton species replacement. Moreover, optima and tolerance of the zooplankton species were obtained from the position of species within CCA diagram, allowing the separation of different groups of zooplankton along the hydroperiod. We finally highlight that the monitoring of zooplankton community and environmental conditions are necessary to evaluate how theses singular and endangered aquatic ecosystems will be affected by anthropogenic activities in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic ecosystems; environmental drivers; Mediterranean; species replacement; temporary wetlands; zooplankton aquatic ecosystems; environmental drivers; Mediterranean; species replacement; temporary wetlands; zooplankton
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gilbert, J.D.; de Vicente, I.; Ortega, F.; Guerrero, F. Zooplankton Community Dynamics in Temporary Mediterranean Wetlands: Which Drivers Are Controlling the Seasonal Species Replacement? Water 2021, 13, 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111447

AMA Style

Gilbert JD, de Vicente I, Ortega F, Guerrero F. Zooplankton Community Dynamics in Temporary Mediterranean Wetlands: Which Drivers Are Controlling the Seasonal Species Replacement? Water. 2021; 13(11):1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gilbert, Juan D., Inmaculada de Vicente, Fernando Ortega, and Francisco Guerrero. 2021. "Zooplankton Community Dynamics in Temporary Mediterranean Wetlands: Which Drivers Are Controlling the Seasonal Species Replacement?" Water 13, no. 11: 1447. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111447

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