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Article

Perceptions of Drinking Water Service of the ‘Off-Grid’ Community in Cimahi, Indonesia

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Study Program of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
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Environmental Management Technology Research Group, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
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Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
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West Java Research and Development Agency, Bandung 40286, Indonesia
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West Java Development Planning Agency, Bandung 40135, Indonesia
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Cimahi City Development Planning Agency, Cimahi 40513, Indonesia
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Material Science and Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
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Mechanical Design Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
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Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ramón Barberán and Pilar Gracia-De-Rentería
Water 2021, 13(10), 1398; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101398
Received: 21 April 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Water Economics)
The establishment of decentralized drinking water systems in urban areas is technically and financially feasible, and these ‘off-grid’ systems can complement investment in traditional piped water systems. However, users often see ‘off-grid’ systems as the second-best option, compared to citywide piped water systems. Thus, although they are designed to improve access to water and reduce inequality, they can be perceived by users as infrastructural manifestations of extant inequality. In this paper, we present original research on the perceptions of users in Cimahi, Indonesia, surrounding their access to water and willingness to use and maintain ‘off-grid’ infrastructure. The majority of respondents used groundwater and packaged water as their primary water sources, and paid approximately twice the maximum tariff of piped water service. We interpreted the survey data with the theory of planned behavior framework and determined that respondents demonstrated a willingness to pay fees for ‘off-grid’ water systems, participate in water supply programs, and switch to new water sources. These intentions were affected by their attitude towards the behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control to various degrees. The findings are useful for those designing strategies to introduce novel water delivery systems aimed at improving water access for diverse and disadvantaged socioeconomic groups in urban areas in the Global South. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cimahi City; ‘off-grid’ communities; theory of planned behavior; water supply Cimahi City; ‘off-grid’ communities; theory of planned behavior; water supply
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MDPI and ACS Style

Prayoga, R.; Nastiti, A.; Schindler, S.; Kusumah, S.W.D.; Sutadian, A.D.; Sundana, E.J.; Simatupang, E.; Wibowo, A.; Budiwantoro, B.; Sedighi, M. Perceptions of Drinking Water Service of the ‘Off-Grid’ Community in Cimahi, Indonesia. Water 2021, 13, 1398. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101398

AMA Style

Prayoga R, Nastiti A, Schindler S, Kusumah SWD, Sutadian AD, Sundana EJ, Simatupang E, Wibowo A, Budiwantoro B, Sedighi M. Perceptions of Drinking Water Service of the ‘Off-Grid’ Community in Cimahi, Indonesia. Water. 2021; 13(10):1398. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prayoga, Rizky, Anindrya Nastiti, Seth Schindler, Siska W.D. Kusumah, Arief D. Sutadian, Eka J. Sundana, Elivas Simatupang, Arie Wibowo, Bagus Budiwantoro, and Majid Sedighi. 2021. "Perceptions of Drinking Water Service of the ‘Off-Grid’ Community in Cimahi, Indonesia" Water 13, no. 10: 1398. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101398

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