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Review

Recent Desalination Technologies by Hybridization and Integration with Reverse Osmosis: A Review

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División de Estudios Posgrado e Investigación, Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Misantla, Misantla 93821, Mexico
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Sucre, Sincelejo 700001, Colombia
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Fundación Universidad de América, Bogotá 111321, Colombia
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Facultad del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá 110321, Colombia
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Departamento de Energía, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana/Unidad Azcapotzalco, Ciudad de México 02200, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Robert Field and Muhammad Wakil Shahzad
Water 2021, 13(10), 1369; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101369
Received: 29 March 2021 / Revised: 10 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
Reverse osmosis is the leading technology for desalination of brackish water and seawater, important for solving the growing problems of fresh water supply. Thermal technologies such as multi-effect distillation and multi-stage flash distillation still comprise an important portion of the world’s desalination capacity. They consume substantial amounts of energy, generally obtained from fossil fuels, due to their low efficiency. Hybridization is a strategy that seeks to reduce the weaknesses and enhance the advantages of each element that makes it up. This paper introduces a review of the most recent publications on hybridizations between reverse osmosis and thermal desalination technologies, as well as their integration with renewable energies as a requirement to decarbonize desalination processes. Different configurations provide improvements in key elements of the system to reduce energy consumption, brine production, and contamination, while improving product quality and production rate. A combination of renewable sources and use of energy and water storage systems allow for improving the reliability of hybrid systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: seawater; reverse osmosis; renewable energy; specific energy consumption; integration; hybridization seawater; reverse osmosis; renewable energy; specific energy consumption; integration; hybridization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Feria-Díaz, J.J.; Correa-Mahecha, F.; López-Méndez, M.C.; Rodríguez-Miranda, J.P.; Barrera-Rojas, J. Recent Desalination Technologies by Hybridization and Integration with Reverse Osmosis: A Review. Water 2021, 13, 1369. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101369

AMA Style

Feria-Díaz JJ, Correa-Mahecha F, López-Méndez MC, Rodríguez-Miranda JP, Barrera-Rojas J. Recent Desalination Technologies by Hybridization and Integration with Reverse Osmosis: A Review. Water. 2021; 13(10):1369. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101369

Chicago/Turabian Style

Feria-Díaz, Jhon J., Felipe Correa-Mahecha, María C. López-Méndez, Juan P. Rodríguez-Miranda, and Jesús Barrera-Rojas. 2021. "Recent Desalination Technologies by Hybridization and Integration with Reverse Osmosis: A Review" Water 13, no. 10: 1369. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101369

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