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Article

Future Precipitation Scenarios over Italy

Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico—RSE S.p.A. Via Rubattino, 54, 20134 Milano, Italy
Academic Editor: Alberto Bianchi
Water 2021, 13(10), 1335; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101335
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 2 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 11 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of River Hydrology on Hydraulic Engineering and Hydropower)
To support the development of national adaptation policies and measures addressing climate change impacts over Italy, this work aims to analyze projected changes in mean temperatures and precipitations, and extreme events such as droughts and floods, highlighting some local trends in the different Italian regions that have been little considered to date. The investigations are made on the basis of a set of high-resolution Euro-CORDEX models (horizontal resolution 0.11°, about 12 km) to infer quantitative assessments about the danger of climate changes under three different Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs): business as usual scenario, i.e., without a reduction in green-house gas emissions (RCP 8.5), medium stabilization scenario (RCP 4.5) and mitigation scenario (RCP 2.6). After filtering the models with limited performances in reconstructing the current climate, the multi-model climate change scenarios were characterized by comparing the ensemble mean values computed for the base-line period (1971–2000) with those elaborated for the short- (2021–2050), medium- (2041–2070) and long-term (2071–2100). Two WMO ETCCDI indices were considered to investigate climate extremes: Consecutive Dry Days and extreme precipitations. Despite some uncertainties (related to discrepancies among the models), drought conditions and extreme precipitations will likely exacerbate in the coming decades without mitigation (RCP 8.5). Such conditions will be less critical if partial mitigation actions will be undertaken (RCP 4.5) and are expected to be significantly reduced with decarbonization policies (RCP 2.6). View Full-Text
Keywords: Euro-CORDEX models; climate extremes; future projections Euro-CORDEX models; climate extremes; future projections
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MDPI and ACS Style

Faggian, P. Future Precipitation Scenarios over Italy. Water 2021, 13, 1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101335

AMA Style

Faggian P. Future Precipitation Scenarios over Italy. Water. 2021; 13(10):1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Faggian, Paola. 2021. "Future Precipitation Scenarios over Italy" Water 13, no. 10: 1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13101335

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