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Article

MIDAS: A New Integrated Flood Early Warning System for the Miño River

1
Environmental Physics Laboratory (EPhysLab), CIM-UVIGO, Universidade de Vigo, Campus As Lagoas s/n, 32004 Ourense, Spain
2
Tragsatec, SAIH Miño-Sil, 32003 Ourense, Spain
3
Confederación Hidrográfica Miño-Sil, 32003 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(9), 2319; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092319
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 14 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrological Modeling in Water Cycle Processes)
Early warning systems have become an essential tool to mitigate the impact of river floods, whose frequency and magnitude have increased during the last few decades as a consequence of climate change. In this context, the Miño River Flood Alert System (MIDAS) early warning system has been developed for the Miño River (Galicia, NW Spain), whose flood events have historically caused severe damage in urban areas and are expected to increase in intensity in the next decades. MIDAS is integrated by a hydrologic (HEC-HMS) and a hydraulic (Iber+) model using precipitation forecast as input data. The system runs automatically and is governed by a set of Python scripts. When any hazard is detected, an alert is issued by the system, including detailed hazards maps, to help decision makers to take precise and effective mitigation measures. Statistical analysis supports the accuracy of hydrologic and hydraulic modules implemented to forecast river flow and flooded critical areas during the analyzed period of time, including some of the most extreme events registered in the Miño River. In fact, MIDAS has proven to be capable of predicting most of the alert situations occurred during the study period, showing its capability to anticipate risk situations. View Full-Text
Keywords: early warning system; flood; hydrology; HEC-HMS; hydrodynamics; Iber+ early warning system; flood; hydrology; HEC-HMS; hydrodynamics; Iber+
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Nóvoa, D.; García-Feal, O.; González-Cao, J.; de Gonzalo, C.; Rodríguez-Suárez, J.A.; Ruiz del Portal, C.; Gómez-Gesteira, M. MIDAS: A New Integrated Flood Early Warning System for the Miño River. Water 2020, 12, 2319. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092319

AMA Style

Fernández-Nóvoa D, García-Feal O, González-Cao J, de Gonzalo C, Rodríguez-Suárez JA, Ruiz del Portal C, Gómez-Gesteira M. MIDAS: A New Integrated Flood Early Warning System for the Miño River. Water. 2020; 12(9):2319. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092319

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Nóvoa, Diego, Orlando García-Feal, José González-Cao, Carlos de Gonzalo, José A. Rodríguez-Suárez, Carlos Ruiz del Portal, and Moncho Gómez-Gesteira. 2020. "MIDAS: A New Integrated Flood Early Warning System for the Miño River" Water 12, no. 9: 2319. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092319

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