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The Production and Marketing of Mineral Water in 21st Century Spain

1
Department of Geography, University of Murcia, Campus La Merced, 30001 Murcia, Spain
2
Instituto de Geografía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avda. Vicuña Mackenna, Santiago 4860, Chile
3
Department of Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. de Los Alfares, 44, 16071 Cuenca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(8), 2311; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082311
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 18 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Since the end of the last century, Spain has become a country of reference in the European Union due to its volume of bottled mineral water. This study aims to analyze the evolution of the key aspects of this sector over the last two decades. Through this research, it has been verified that (i) Spanish mineral water has been analyzed for a long time from a medicinal and geochemical point of view, and not so much in commercial analysis; (ii) water has great diversity due to the abundance of hydrogeological domains that this country offers; (iii) a very strict legal framework must be complied for its commercialization; (iv) its consumption has been growing; and (v) the business structure is characterized by the predominance of a small group of companies, with a very important role in multinational corporations. Three nature reserves: Montseny, Sierra Nevada, and Guadarrama Mountains, stand out from the rest of the Spanish territory in terms of catchment and packaging of natural mineral water, which is an increasingly strategic resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural mineral water; legislation and regulation; production and marketing; water bottling companies natural mineral water; legislation and regulation; production and marketing; water bottling companies
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Marín, R.; Lozano-Parra, J.; Espejo-Marín, C.; Aparicio-Guerrero, A.E. The Production and Marketing of Mineral Water in 21st Century Spain. Water 2020, 12, 2311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082311

AMA Style

García-Marín R, Lozano-Parra J, Espejo-Marín C, Aparicio-Guerrero AE. The Production and Marketing of Mineral Water in 21st Century Spain. Water. 2020; 12(8):2311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082311

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Marín, Ramón; Lozano-Parra, Javier; Espejo-Marín, Cayetano; Aparicio-Guerrero, Ana E. 2020. "The Production and Marketing of Mineral Water in 21st Century Spain" Water 12, no. 8: 2311. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082311

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