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Article

Site Fidelity, Habitat Use, and Movement Patterns of the Common Carp during Its Breeding Season in the Pearl River as Determined by Acoustic Telemetry

1
Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, No. 1 Xingyu Rd., Liwan District, Guangzhou 510380, China
2
Institute of Geochemical Exploration and Marine Geological Survey, East China Mineral Exploration and Development Bureau for Non-ferrous Metals, Nanjing 210000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(8), 2233; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082233
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 5 August 2020 / Accepted: 6 August 2020 / Published: 8 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydroacoustics in Marine, Transitional and Freshwaters)
Understanding fish migration patterns and habitat use is essential for fisheries management. We conducted an acoustic fine-scale tracking experiment from March to June 2017 to determine the common carp movement pattern and habitat use in the downstream area of the Pearl River. The eight tagged common carp were detected for 39.38 ± 29.57 d, on average, with a total average detection period of 42.12 ± 28.02 d. A general linear mixed model suggested they were detected more during the night than during the day. Common carp preferred habitats near the sandbar and riparian shallow habitats, as revealed by their movement tracks and habitat selection indexes. The general additive mixed model (GAMM) analysis of their shortest distances to riverbanks and depth indicated that they migrated to shallower riparian habitat more frequently during the night than during the day. The continuous wavelet spectrum further confirmed the significant diel pattern of their vertical movement. Their habitat use was also influenced by the water temperature, water level, and river discharge, as suggested by the GAMM. Our results provide novel information on common carp spatiotemporal movement and habitat use patterns, and have important implications for its native population restoration and the invasive population control/exclusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyprinus carpio; diel movement rhythm; habitat use; movement behaviors Cyprinus carpio; diel movement rhythm; habitat use; movement behaviors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Zhang, L.; Wu, Z.; Zhu, S.; Li, J.; Li, X. Site Fidelity, Habitat Use, and Movement Patterns of the Common Carp during Its Breeding Season in the Pearl River as Determined by Acoustic Telemetry. Water 2020, 12, 2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082233

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Li Y, Zhang L, Wu Z, Zhu S, Li J, Li X. Site Fidelity, Habitat Use, and Movement Patterns of the Common Carp during Its Breeding Season in the Pearl River as Determined by Acoustic Telemetry. Water. 2020; 12(8):2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yingqiu, Yuefei Li, Lili Zhang, Zhi Wu, Shuli Zhu, Jie Li, and Xinhui Li. 2020. "Site Fidelity, Habitat Use, and Movement Patterns of the Common Carp during Its Breeding Season in the Pearl River as Determined by Acoustic Telemetry" Water 12, no. 8: 2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082233

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