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Correction published on 31 August 2020, see Water 2020, 12(9), 2448.
Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Drought Vulnerability in the United States: An Integrated Assessment

Center for Complex Hydrosystems Research, Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, The University of Alabama, 1030 Cyber Hall, Box 870205, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0205, USA
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Water 2020, 12(7), 2033; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072033
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 15 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Changes in Drought Frequency and Severity)
Droughts are among the costliest natural hazards in the U.S. and globally. The severity of the hazard is closely related to a region’s ability to cope and recover from the event, an ability that depends on the region’s sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Here, the vulnerability to drought of each state within the contiguous U.S. is assessed as a function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity, using socio-economic, climatic, and environmental indicators. The division of vulnerability into three sub-indices allows for an assessment of the driver(s) of vulnerability of a state and as such provides a foundation for drought mitigation and planning efforts. In addition, a probabilistic approach is used to investigate the sensitivity of vulnerability to the weighting scheme of indicators. The resulting geographic distribution of relative vulnerability of the states is partially a reflection of their heterogeneous climates but also highlights the importance of sustainable adaptation of the local economy to water availability in order to reduce sensitivity and to limit the impact of drought. As such, the study at hand offers insights to local and regional planners on how to effectively distribute funds and plan accordingly in order to reduce state-level drought vulnerability today and in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought; vulnerability; United States; exposure; sensitivity; adaptive capacity drought; vulnerability; United States; exposure; sensitivity; adaptive capacity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Engström, J.; Jafarzadegan, K.; Moradkhani, H. Drought Vulnerability in the United States: An Integrated Assessment. Water 2020, 12, 2033. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072033

AMA Style

Engström J, Jafarzadegan K, Moradkhani H. Drought Vulnerability in the United States: An Integrated Assessment. Water. 2020; 12(7):2033. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Engström, Johanna; Jafarzadegan, Keighobad; Moradkhani, Hamid. 2020. "Drought Vulnerability in the United States: An Integrated Assessment" Water 12, no. 7: 2033. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072033

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