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Article

An Analysis of the Cost of Water Supply Linked to the Tourism Industry. An Application to the Case of the Island of Ibiza in Spain

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Technologies for Water Management and Treatment Research Group (TEP-239), University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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SAYTA—Environmental Solutions and Water Technologies, 11300 La Línea de la Concepción, Spain
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Department of Business, Faculty of Business and Communication, International University of de La Rioja, 26004 Logroño, Spain
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Business Department, ESIC Business & Marketing School, 46002 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Spanish and International Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(7), 2006; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072006
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Tourist activity has a number of impacts on the destinations in which it takes place, among which are the environmental ones. A particular problem is the increase in water demand and wastewater production, which can compromise the balance of ecosystems. As many authors point out, there is a research gap in the comparative analysis between available water resources and the demand associated with tourism. In this respect, the main objective of this work is, on the one hand, to assess the water needs linked to the tourism industry and the capacity of natural resources to meet such a demand and, on the other hand, to estimate the economic cost of the water supply associated with the growing tourist demand in a territory, such as the island of Ibiza in Spain. It has been determined that the resources available are not sufficient to meet the water demand of the resident population at this destination, which is why it is necessary to resort to producing desalinated water. Therefore, the additional requirements associated with tourism must be met fully with desalinated water, which results in an increased cost of water management for the region. This paper also points at water losses in distribution networks and tourism seasonality as two phenomena that aggravate this issue. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism; cost of desalination; environmental impacts; water management sustainable tourism; cost of desalination; environmental impacts; water management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez, D.M.G.; Martín, J.M.M.; Martínez, J.M.G.; Sáez-Fernández, F.J. An Analysis of the Cost of Water Supply Linked to the Tourism Industry. An Application to the Case of the Island of Ibiza in Spain. Water 2020, 12, 2006. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072006

AMA Style

Pérez DMG, Martín JMM, Martínez JMG, Sáez-Fernández FJ. An Analysis of the Cost of Water Supply Linked to the Tourism Industry. An Application to the Case of the Island of Ibiza in Spain. Water. 2020; 12(7):2006. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez, Daniel María González, José María Martín Martín, José Manuel Guaita Martínez, and Francisco Javier Sáez-Fernández. 2020. "An Analysis of the Cost of Water Supply Linked to the Tourism Industry. An Application to the Case of the Island of Ibiza in Spain" Water 12, no. 7: 2006. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072006

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