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Article

What Can We Learn from Planning Instruments in Flood Prevention? Comparative Illustration to Highlight the Challenges of Governance in Europe

Department of Planning and Environment, Engineering School, University of Tours, 35 allée Ferdinand de Lesseps, 37200 Tours, France
Water 2020, 12(6), 1841; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061841
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk Governance for More Resilience)
Studying the selection of planning instruments in flood prevention can be critical to gain a better understanding of governance. This choice is underestimated in the flood management literature. This paper fills a knowledge gap in flood management governance by examining the rationales for the choice of instruments. The study is grounded on a comparative illustration of planning instruments in flood prevention in three European countries: England, France and the Netherlands. Flood prevention through spatial planning is a specific example, as the implementation of the Floods Directive has reactivated the role of spatial planning in urban agglomerations. The choice of instruments is never neutral. In the field of flood management, alignment among strategies is supposed to lead to resilience. Instruments should be aligned and coherent. Is that the case? The article explains the challenges of governance configured by a conflict between the spatial planning policy steered by local authorities and the risk prevention policy led by national authorities. This model is further complicated by the tension between the preference for legal, technical or scientific instruments, and the difference in professional culture between planning and prevention. The selection of instrument shows that if their conflicts are exacerbated to debates on variables or parameters, it is because there is no political agreement on the balance between development and security. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood prevention; policy instruments; spatial planning; governance; resilience flood prevention; policy instruments; spatial planning; governance; resilience
MDPI and ACS Style

Gralepois, M. What Can We Learn from Planning Instruments in Flood Prevention? Comparative Illustration to Highlight the Challenges of Governance in Europe. Water 2020, 12, 1841. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061841

AMA Style

Gralepois M. What Can We Learn from Planning Instruments in Flood Prevention? Comparative Illustration to Highlight the Challenges of Governance in Europe. Water. 2020; 12(6):1841. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061841

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gralepois, Mathilde. 2020. "What Can We Learn from Planning Instruments in Flood Prevention? Comparative Illustration to Highlight the Challenges of Governance in Europe" Water 12, no. 6: 1841. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061841

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