Next Article in Journal
An Integrated Hydraulic and Hydrologic Modeling Approach for Roadside Bio-Retention Facilities
Next Article in Special Issue
Heavy Metals and Nutrients Loads in Water, Soil, and Crops Irrigated with Effluent from WWTPs in Blantyre City, Malawi
Previous Article in Journal
Suppress Numerical Oscillations in Transient Mixed Flow Simulations with a Modified HLL Solver
Article

Decision-Making Tools to Manage the Microbiology of Drinking Water Distribution Systems

1
Department of Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90133 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S102TN, UK
3
Institute for Multidisciplinary Mathematics, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(5), 1247; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051247
Received: 29 March 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspective on Water Security Management)
This paper uses a two-fold multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approach applied for the first time to the field of microbial management of drinking water distribution systems (DWDS). Specifically, the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) was applied removing the need for reliance on expert judgement, and analysed interdependencies among water quality parameters and microbiological characteristics of DWDS composed of different pipe materials. In addition, the fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (FTOPSIS) ranked the most common bacteria identified during trials in a DWDS according to their relative abundance while managing vagueness affecting the measurements. The novel integrated approach presented and proven here for an initial real world data set provides new insights in the interdependence of environmental conditions and microbial populations. Specifically, the application shows as the bacteria having associated the most significant microbial impact may not be the most abundant. This offers the potential for integrated management strategies to promote favourable microbial conditions to help safeguard drinking water quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking water distribution systems; water quality monitoring; microbiological assessment; multi-criteria system analysis; DEMATEL; FTOPSIS drinking water distribution systems; water quality monitoring; microbiological assessment; multi-criteria system analysis; DEMATEL; FTOPSIS
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Carpitella, S.; Del Olmo, G.; Izquierdo, J.; Husband, S.; Boxall, J.; Douterelo, I. Decision-Making Tools to Manage the Microbiology of Drinking Water Distribution Systems. Water 2020, 12, 1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051247

AMA Style

Carpitella S, Del Olmo G, Izquierdo J, Husband S, Boxall J, Douterelo I. Decision-Making Tools to Manage the Microbiology of Drinking Water Distribution Systems. Water. 2020; 12(5):1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051247

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carpitella, Silvia, Gonzalo Del Olmo, Joaquín Izquierdo, Stewart Husband, Joby Boxall, and Isabel Douterelo. 2020. "Decision-Making Tools to Manage the Microbiology of Drinking Water Distribution Systems" Water 12, no. 5: 1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051247

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop